Giacomo Pozzoli

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Previous studies involving radioreceptor and functional assays have shown that CRF and glucocorticoids are able to modulate CRF receptors of the brain and anterior pituitary. In this study, we analyzed the effects of CRF, vasopressin (AVP), dexamethasone (DEX), and corticosterone on the regulation of CRF receptor (CRF-R1) messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in(More)
CRH produced by human endometrial cells exerts decidualizing activity via an autocrine mechanism mediated via CRH-R1 receptors. We postulated that such activity exerted by CRH on normal endometrial cells might translate into an antiproliferative action on endometrial-derived malignancies, provided that neoplastic cells maintain the expression of CRH(More)
In this work we have developed and characterized primary cultures of neonatal rat trigeminal ganglia neurones; calcitonin-gene-related-peptide (CGRP) released from cells was taken as a marker of neuronal function. A significant and consistent increase in CGRP secretion was elicited by non-specific (56 mm KCl or veratridine) or specific (capsaicin)(More)
We have previously shown that corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) inhibits the proliferation of Ishikawa (IK) human endometrial carcinoma cell line through the activation of CRH-R1 receptors. Here, we have further investigated the role of CRH and its type-1 receptor in the control of IK cell function, and we carried out a pilot study in tumor tissues(More)
Using semi-quantitative in situ hybridization, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and CRF receptor 1 (CRF-R1) mRNA levels were determined in the rat hypothalamus and amygdala after short-term (10 days) and chronic (4 weeks) treatment with the antidepressant amitriptyline. We found that chronic treatment with amitriptyline produced a significant decrease(More)
This study was set to investigate the mechanisms through which bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates prostaglandin (PG) production in rat astrocytes. Primary cultures of rat hypothalamic astrocytes were established. Cells were treated with LPS alone or LPS plus antagonists of various pathways, and the subsequent changes in cyclo-oxygenase (COX)(More)
It has been previously shown that corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) exerts antiproliferative activity on an estrogen-dependent tumor cell line, i.e. human endometrial adenocarcinoma Ishikawa (IK) cells. Here we have investigated the effects of CRH on another estrogen-dependent tumor cell line, human breast cancer MCF7 cells. In this paradigm, CRH given(More)
In the present study, we examined whether the human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-I) gp120 coat protein can modulate corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) secretion by using the incubation of rat hypothalamic explants as an in vitro model. Treatment of the hypothalamic fragments with recombinant gp120 resulted in a time- and concentration-dependent(More)
Although recent evidence suggests that the gas nitric oxide (NO) can modulate the secretion of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) from acute rat hypothalamic explants, another gas, carbon monoxide (CO), has been suggested to play a role in neural signaling in the brain; CO may complement the activity of NO in long term potentiation. In this study, we(More)
The endothelins consist of a family of vasoconstrictor peptides originally isolated from endothelial tissue which are now known to be involved in neuroendocrine regulation. However, while there are data indicating the involvement of endothelins in the modulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the precise mechanisms involved have been(More)