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BACKGROUND Intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) is the type of stroke associated with the highest death rate, and about 30% of ICH occurs in patients on antithrombotic treatment. This study relates clinical presentations and outcome of ICH patients on oral anticoagulant (OA) or antiplatelet (AP) therapy admitted to 33 Italian emergency departments (ED). METHODS(More)
This study was undertaken to assess the value of sublingual nitroglycerin administration during upright tilt as a simple practical test for the diagnosis of vasovagal syncope. To this purpose, 235 patients with syncope of unknown origin and no evidence of organic heart disease (110 men, mean age 52 +/- 20 years) and 35 asymptomatic control subjects(More)
Morphology Discrimination (MD) is a rhythm discriminator based on QRS morphology analysis that can be combined with other discriminators like Stability, with or without Sinus Interval History (SIH) and Sudden Onset. Thirty-five patients implanted with a St. Jude Medical single chamber ICD were evaluated during exercise testing, during induced AF, and during(More)
BACKGROUND Uncontrolled studies have suggested that atrioventricular junction ablation and pacemaker implantation have beneficial effects on quality of life in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a multicenter, controlled, randomized, 12-month evaluation of the clinical effects of atrioventricular junction(More)
AIMS Left ventricular (LV) and biventricular (BiV) pacing are potentially superior to right ventricular (RV) apical pacing in patients undergoing atrioventricular (AV) junction ablation and pacing for permanent atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS Prospective randomized, single-blind, 3-month crossover comparison between RV and LV pacing (phase 1) and(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of AV junction ablation and pacemaker implantation on quality of life and specific symptoms in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) not controlled by drugs. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a multicenter, randomized, 6-month evaluation of the clinical effects of AV junction(More)
We tested the hypothesis that left ventricular (LV) pacing is superior to right ventricular (RV) apical pacing in patients undergoing atrioventricular (AV) junction ablation and pacing for permanent atrial fibrillation. The potential benefit of LV over RV pacing needs to be evaluated without the confounding effect of other variables that can influence(More)
The new generation of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICDs) allows storage of intracardiac electrograms (EGMs) recorded immediately before the onset of malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTs) and during their course. Although all devices base most of diagnostic parameters on the bipolar EGMs, some of them allow two types of EGM recordings:(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an auto-immune disease whose etiology remains controversial. Both genetic and environmental factors are thought to be involved in the risk of developing the disease. The purpose of our study was to assess the association of Vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms with MS and to investigate the interaction of these polymorphisms(More)
To evaluate the effect of chronic vasodilator therapy on susceptibility to vasovagal syncope, 45 patients with syncope and a positive response to tilt testing were randomly assigned to continue or to discontinue vasodilators. The study result demonstrated that chronic vasodilator therapy enhances susceptibility to vasovagal reaction during upright tilt(More)