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AIM To test the hypothesis that myoinositol supplementation will improve insulin sensitivity as measured by markers of insulin resistance such as homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance and adiponectin in women with gestational diabetes. METHODS The trial was carried out in diet-treated patients with gestational diabetes diagnosed in our(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have reported increased fracture risk in Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) provides information on the structure and elastic properties of bone, which are important determinants of fracture risk, along with bone mineral density. AIM To study phalangeal sites by QUS, examine bone turnover markers and(More)
BACKGROUND Sclerostin is an osteocyte-derived inhibitor of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which acts as a negative regulator of bone formation. Published data on sclerostin levels in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are few. OBJECTIVE To evaluate gender differences in sclerostin serum levels and the association among sclerostin, bone mass, bone(More)
CONTEXT This study was performed to evaluate the effects of genistein on metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in Caucasian postmenopausal subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS). OBJECTIVE Our objective was to assess the effects of genistein on surrogate endpoints associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. DESIGN AND SETTING This was a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to assess the predictive value of risk factors (RFs) for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) established by selective screening (SS) and to identify subgroups of women at a higher risk of developing GDM. DESIGN A retrospective, single-center study design was employed. METHODS Data of 1015 women screened for GDM at 24-28 weeks(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of type 2 diabetes (primary objective) and hospitalisation for cardiovascular events (secondary objective) in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and in those with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) in pregnancy, and to evaluate the role of stillbirth in differentiating the(More)
The aim of this study was to demonstrate that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) increased before the onset of microalbuminuria in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), representing an important biochemical parameter with high sensitivity and specificity to make a precocious diagnosis of "normoalbuminuric" diabetic nephropathy (DN).(More)
BACKGROUND Previous data have suggested that genistein could exert beneficial effects on endothelial function and on predictors of cardiovascular risk in healthy postmenopausal women. In a randomized clinical trial, we studied the effects of genistein on endothelial function in postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS Twenty(More)
CONTEXT Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) can be associated with type 1 diabetes (DM1). The prevalence of serum antibodies against thyroid hormones (THAb) in subjects with autoimmune diseases other than DM1 is increasing. No data are available for DM1. OBJECTIVE The objectives were evaluate the rate of associated AITD; the rate of positiveness for serum(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of negative emotions such as depression, anxiety and anger on clinical expression of type 1 diabetes, also assessing possible gender differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS 75 subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus afferent to Diabetology Unit of the University Hospital in Messina underwent the(More)