Gi-Jeong Gwon

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The molecular mechanisms for epithelial differentiation have been studied by observing skin development in embryogenesis, but the early signaling modulations involved in tongue epithelial differentiation are not completely understood. Based on the gene expression patterns of the Fgf signaling molecules and previous results from Fgf10 and Fgfr2b knockout(More)
Palatal development is one of the critical events in craniofacial morphogenesis. During fusion of the palatal shelves, removal of the midline epithelial seam (MES) is a fundamental process for achieving proper morphogenesis of the palate. The reported mechanisms for removing the MES are the processes of apoptosis, migration or general(More)
Adenomatosis polyposis coli downregulated 1 (APCDD1), a negative regulator of Wnt signaling, was examined to understand detailed mechanisms underlying Wnt signaling tooth development. In situ hybridization showed that Apcdd1 was expressed in the condensed mesenchyme at the bud stage, and in the inner enamel epithelium (IEE), including enamel knot (EK) at(More)
In rodents, the circumvallate papilla (CVP), with its underlying minor salivary gland, the von Ebners' gland (VEG), is located on the dorsal surface of the posterior tongue. Detailed morphological processes to form the proper structure of CVP and VEG have not been properly elucidated. In particular, the specific localization patterns of taste buds in CVP(More)
After palatal fusion, the dorsal and ventral epithelia of the palatal shelf differentiate into the nasal and oral mucosa, respectively. The tissue-specific differentiation of palatal epithelia along the dorsal–ventral axis is regulated by the signaling molecules expressed in the underlying mesenchyme. Thus, as in many other epithelial organs,(More)
Different from humans, who have a continuous dentition of teeth, mice have only three molars and one incisor separated by a toothless region called the diastema in the hemi mandibular arch. Although tooth buds form in the embryonic diastema, they regress and do not develop into teeth. In this study, we evaluated the proteins that modulate the diastema(More)
Alterations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been studied in various cancers. However, the clinical value of mtDNA copy number (mtCN) alterations in gastric cancer (GC) is poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated whether alterations in mtCNs might be associated with clinicopathological parameters in GC cases. mtCN was measured in 109(More)
Grainyhead-like 3 (Grhl3) is a transcription factor involved in epithelial morphogenesis. In the present study, we evaluated the developmental role of Grhl3 in structural formation of the circumvallate papilla (CVP), which undergoes dynamic morphological changes during organogenesis. The specific expression pattern of Grhl3 was examined in the CVP-forming(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro and ex vivo roles of bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor that binds to the active site of the 26S proteasome, in tertiary dentin formation. METHODS We established pulpal access cavity preparation that was treated with or without bortezomib before direct pulp capping with a calcium hydroxide-based(More)
Uterine leiomyomas are benign tumors of the uterus that arise clonally from smooth muscle cells of the myometrium and are very common reason for hysterectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate microsatellite instability (MSI) in uterine leiomyomas using a set of MSI markers by Promega Corporation (Madison, WI, USA) and the Bethesda guideline. DNA was(More)
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