The surgical treatment of craniopharyngiomas is challenging. An optimal surgical approach is extremely important to achieve complete removal of the tumor, which is often the goal of treatment. Conventionally, the endoscopic transsphenoidal approach is used for resection of craniopharyngiomas that are essentially confined to the sellar cavity, or have… (More)
An unusual case of intradural paragangliomas in the cauda equina region in a 29-year-old male is presented. The patient presented with signs and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure. The symptoms resolved after tumor resection.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The endoscopic transsphenoidal approach is commonly used surgical approach for pituitary adenomas. However, adenomas with dumbbell configuration, pure suprasellar location, and fibrous consistency are difficult to remove by this approach. Recently, the extended endoscopic endonasal approach (EEEA) has been utilized to excise this… (More)
OBJECTIVE Surgical treatment of retrochiasmatic craniopharyngioma still remains a challenge. While complete removal of the tumor with preservation of the vital neurovascular structures is often the goal of the treatment, there is no optimal surgical approach available to achieve this goal. Transcranial and transsphenoidal microsurgical approaches, commonly… (More)
OBJECT The incidence of hydrocephalus requiring shunts in children with myelomeningocele (MMC) is reported to be very high. Shunt-related complications are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. In order to minimize shunt placements, we used very rigid clinical selection criteria and followed them in all patients who had… (More)
A gender and skin color ethnicity based automatic digital makeup system is presented. An automatic face makeup system which applies example based digital makeup based on skin ethnicity color and gender type. One major advantage of the system is that the makeup is based on the skin color and gender type, which is very necessary for an effective makeup.… (More)
Sir, We report an unusual case of congenital hydrocephalus that developed acute tension pneumocephalus six months after the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt surgery. Delayed and symptomatic pneumocephalus following shunt placement is rare and has been described in only 11 cases so far. A 19-year-old female had undergone ventriculo-peritoneal shunt surgery for… (More)