Learn More
This multicenter phase 2 study evaluated the use of tipifarnib (R115777) in patients with poor-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS; French-American-British classification). Patients (n = 82) received tipifarnib 300 mg orally twice daily for the first 21 days of each 28-day cycle. Twenty-six patients (32%) responded to tipifarnib: 12 (15%) complete responses(More)
Human myeloid leukemias are characterized by chromosomal abnormalities, including translocations, deletions, and allelic loss. These alterations are known to disrupt the function of genes that contribute to tumor initiation and progression. The mechanism underlying the appearance of these chromosomal alterations is poorly understood. Recent evidence(More)
Over the years, methods of cytogenetic analysis evolved and became part of routine laboratory testing, providing valuable diagnostic and prognostic information in hematologic disorders. Karyotypic aberrations contribute to the understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of disease and thereby to rational application of therapeutic modalities. Most of the(More)
We report the outcomes of reduced-intensity allogeneic stem cell transplantation using BEAM-alemtuzumab conditioning (carmustine, etoposide, cytosine arabinoside, melphalan, and alemtuzumab 10 mg/d on days -5 to -1) in 6 United Kingdom transplant centers. Sixty-five patients with lymphoproliferative diseases underwent sibling (n = 57) or matched unrelated(More)
DNA replication is tightly regulated, but paradoxically there is reported to be an excess of MCM DNA replication proteins over the number of replication origins. Here, we show that MCM levels in primary human T cells are induced during the G(0)-->G(1) transition and are not in excess in proliferating cells. The level of induction is critical as we show that(More)
Within the myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) work package of the European LeukemiaNet, an Expert Panel was selected according to the framework elements of the National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Program. A systematic review of the literature was performed that included indexed original papers, indexed reviews and educational papers, and(More)
The classification of myelodysplastic syndromes is based on the morphological criteria proposed by the French-American-British (FAB) and World Health Organization (WHO) groups. Accurate enumeration of blast cells, although essential for diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome and for assignment to prognostic groups, is often difficult, due to imprecise(More)
Tumors produce a variety of immunosuppressive factors which can prevent the proliferation and maturation of a number of normal hemopoietic cell types. We have investigated whether primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells have an effect on normal T cell function and signaling. Tumor cell supernatant (TSN) from AML cells inhibited T cell activation and Th1(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) comprise a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, with an increased propensity to develop acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). The molecular basis for MDS progression is unknown, but a key element in MDS disease progression is loss of chromosomal material (genomic instability). Using our(More)
Double strand breaks (DSBs) are considered the most lethal form of DNA damage for eukaryotic cells, and misrepair of DSB can cause cell death, chromosome instability, and cancer. Nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) is a major mechanism for the repair of DSBs. We previously reported that the cancer predisposition Bloom's syndrome and myeloid leukemias(More)