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This multicenter phase 2 study evaluated the use of tipifarnib (R115777) in patients with poor-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS; French-American-British classification). Patients (n = 82) received tipifarnib 300 mg orally twice daily for the first 21 days of each 28-day cycle. Twenty-six patients (32%) responded to tipifarnib: 12 (15%) complete responses(More)
Over the years, methods of cytogenetic analysis evolved and became part of routine laboratory testing, providing valuable diagnostic and prognostic information in hematologic disorders. Karyotypic aberrations contribute to the understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of disease and thereby to rational application of therapeutic modalities. Most of the(More)
DNA replication is tightly regulated, but paradoxically there is reported to be an excess of MCM DNA replication proteins over the number of replication origins. Here, we show that MCM levels in primary human T cells are induced during the G(0)-->G(1) transition and are not in excess in proliferating cells. The level of induction is critical as we show that(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) comprise a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, with an increased propensity to develop acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). The molecular basis for MDS progression is unknown, but a key element in MDS disease progression is loss of chromosomal material (genomic instability). Using our(More)
Double strand breaks (DSBs) are considered the most lethal form of DNA damage for eukaryotic cells, and misrepair of DSB can cause cell death, chromosome instability, and cancer. Nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) is a major mechanism for the repair of DSBs. We previously reported that the cancer predisposition Bloom's syndrome and myeloid leukemias(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are a class of small RNA molecules that regulate numerous critical cellular processes and bind to partially complementary sequences resulting in down-regulation of their target genes. Due to the incomplete homology of the miRNA to its target site identification of miRNA target genes is difficult and currently based on computational(More)
Tumors produce a variety of immunosuppressive factors which can prevent the proliferation and maturation of a number of normal hemopoietic cell types. We have investigated whether primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells have an effect on normal T cell function and signaling. Tumor cell supernatant (TSN) from AML cells inhibited T cell activation and Th1(More)
The classification of myelodysplastic syndromes is based on the morphological criteria proposed by the French-American-British (FAB) and World Health Organization (WHO) groups. Accurate enumeration of blast cells, although essential for diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome and for assignment to prognostic groups, is often difficult, due to imprecise(More)
Romiplostim is a thrombopoietin receptor agonist that increases platelet counts in patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Thrombopoietin receptor agonists are reported to increase the risk for reticulin fiber deposition within bone marrow. This report describes bone marrow findings from romiplostim-treated rats, a retrospective analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) features inflammatory granuloma characterised by the presence of CD1a+ dendritic cells or 'LCH cells'. Badalian-Very et al. recently reported the presence of a canonical (V600E)B-RAF mutation in 57% of paraffin-embedded biopsies from LCH granuloma. Here we confirm their findings and report the identification of(More)