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Despite multiple disparate prognostic risk analysis systems for evaluating clinical outcome for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), imprecision persists with such analyses. To attempt to improve on these systems, an International MDS Risk Analysis Workshop combined cytogenetic, morphological, and clinical data from seven large previously reported(More)
BACKGROUND Drug treatments for patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes provide no survival advantage. In this trial, we aimed to assess the effect of azacitidine on overall survival compared with the three commonest conventional care regimens. METHODS In a phase III, international, multicentre, controlled, parallel-group, open-label trial,(More)
In this multicenter retrospective study, the outcomes of 836 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who underwent transplantation with a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling donor were analyzed according to 2 types of conditioning: reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in 215 patients, and standard myeloablative (or high-dose) conditioning(More)
BS is an inherited cancer predisposition disorder caused by inactivation of the RecQ family helicase, BLM. One of the defining features of cells from BS individuals is chromosomal instability, characterized by elevated sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), as well as chromosomal breaks, deletions, and rearrangements. Although the basis for chromosomal(More)
In this study, we have used the human BV173 and the mouse BaF3/Bcr-Abl-expressing cell lines as model systems to investigate the molecular mechanisms whereby STI571 and FoxO3a regulate Bim expression and apoptosis. FoxO3a lies downstream of Bcr-Abl signalling and is constitutively phosphorylated in the Bcr-Abl-positive BV173 and BaF3/Bcr-Abl cells.(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDI) increase gene expression through induction of histone acetylation. However, it remains unclear whether increases in specific gene expression events determine the apoptotic response following HDI administration. Herein, we show that a variety of HDI trigger in hematopoietic cells not only widespread histone acetylation(More)
This multicenter phase 2 study evaluated the use of tipifarnib (R115777) in patients with poor-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS; French-American-British classification). Patients (n = 82) received tipifarnib 300 mg orally twice daily for the first 21 days of each 28-day cycle. Twenty-six patients (32%) responded to tipifarnib: 12 (15%) complete responses(More)
The serological analysis of recombinant cDNA expression libraries (SEREX) technique was used to immunoscreen a testes cDNA expression library with sera from newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients. We used a testis cDNA library to aid our identification of cancer-testis (CT) antigens. We identified 44 antigens which we further immunoscreened(More)
CAMPATH antibodies recognize CD52, a phosphatidylinositol-linked membrane protein expressed by mature lymphocytes and monocytes. Since some antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) differentiate from a monocytic progenitor, we investigated the expression of CD52 on dendritic cell subsets. Four-color staining for lineage markers (CD3, 14, 16, 19, 20, 34, and(More)
PURPOSE In a phase III randomized trial, azacitidine significantly prolonged overall survival (OS) compared with conventional care regimens (CCRs) in patients with intermediate-2- and high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes. Approximately one third of these patients were classified as having acute myeloid leukemia (AML) under current WHO criteria. This analysis(More)