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OBJECTIVES Malva sylvestris L. (Malvaceae), an annual plant, has been already commonly used as a medicinal plant in Iran. In the present work, we evaluate some bioactivities of the plant extracts. MATERIALS AND METHODS The aired-dried plant flowers and leaves were extracted by soxhlet apparatus with n-hexane, dichloromethane and methanol. The(More)
The ability of a genus of cephalosporium-like fungus isolated from soil, Acremonium strictum PTCC 5282, for hydrocortisone biotransformation has been investigated. This potential had not been previously examined. The fermentation yielded 11beta,17beta-dihydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one, 11beta,17alpha,20beta,21-tetrahydroxypregn-4-en-3-one and(More)
An extracellular haloalkaliphilic thermostable α-amylase producing archaeon was isolated from the saltwater Lake Urmia and identified as Halorubrum xinjiangense on the basis of morphological, biochemical, and molecular properties. The enzyme was purified to an electrophoretically homogenous state by 80 % cold ethanol precipitation, followed by affinity(More)
Four halotolerant fungal isolates originating from the saltwater Lake Urmia in Iran were selected during a screening program for salt resistance and α-amylase activity. The isolates were identified based on sequencing the ITS region and a part of the β-tubulin gene, as Penicillium chrysogenum (isolate U1; CBS 132820), Fusarium incarnatum (isolate U2; CBS(More)
BACKGROUND Bacteriophages are viruses that attack bacteria and lead to their lysis in an efficient and highly specific manner. These natural enemies of bacteria were used as therapeutic agents before the advent of antibiotics. Currently, with the rapid spread of multi-drug resistant bacteria, phage therapy can be an effective alternative treatment for(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Biomaterials are widely used in medical devices such as urinary catheters. One of the main problems associated with long term using of the urinary catheters is biofilm formation on their surfaces. Many techniques have been presented to reduce the biofilm formation. One of the most revolutionary techniques allowing such surface(More)
The brine shrimp, Artemia is the dominant macrozooplankton present in many hypersaline environments. Artemia urmiana is the only macroscopic organism in Urmia Salt Lake (Iran), and the high salinity of the lake makes it a suitable environment for halophilic archaea too. Because of common environment for Artemia and extreme halophiles; this investigation is(More)
Zosima absinthifolia (Vent) Link (Apiaceae) is a perennial herb indigenous to Iran. It has been used as a medicinal plant from ancient time in Iran, Turkey and Pakistan. In the present work, air-dried and powdered plant roots were extracted with n-hexane, dichloromethane and methanol, respectively, using Soxhlet apparatus. The dichloromethane extract was(More)
In this work, two novel iron oxidizing bacteria (IOB), namely Gordonia sp. MZ-89 and Enterobacter sp. M01101, were isolated from sewage treatment plants and identified by biochemical and molecular methods. Then, microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) of carbon steel in the presence of these bacteria was investigated. The electrochemical techniques such as(More)
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