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Cercarial dermatitis is caused by animal schistosomes in many parts of the world including Iran. Various stages of the parasites have been studied in intermediate and definitive hosts in northern and southwestern Iran; however, no molecular investigation for species identification and classification of these agents has been carried out, so far. In the(More)
BACKGROUND The causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Iran is Leishmania infantum (L. infantum) (Mediterranean type) and its major reservoir host is the dog. OBJECTIVE To compare the serological methods including direct agglutination test (DAT), indirect immunofluorescent-antibody test (IFA) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for(More)
Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis is an important health problem in Iran and a great economic burden on the health resources. In southern Iran (Fars Province), Meriones libycus was reported as the main reservoir of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Arsanjan and Marvdasht cities, and Tatera indica and Gerbillus spp. were the reservoirs reported in Larestan(More)
BACKGROUND Giardia duodenalis is one of the most common human intestinal protozoan parasites worldwide and is endemic throughout the world with a vast range of mammalian hosts. The present study aimed to identify the prevalence of G. duodenalis isolates and determine the most common of its assemblages in the patients referring to health centers and(More)
Leishmania infantum is the obligatory intracellular parasite of mammalian macrophages and causes zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL). The presence of infected dogs as the main reservoir host of ZVL is regarded as the most important potential risk for human infection. Thus the prevention of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is essential to stop the(More)
In the Mediterranean basin and Middle East, including Iran, visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar, is caused by Leishmania donovani infantum. For the first time, the use of urine samples for the diagnosis of VL in immunocompetent patients has been used in this study. Based on its high sensitivity and specificity, as well as simplicity, this(More)
Despite malaria control programs in recent years, malaria transmission has not been eliminated in Iran. Molecular techniques including PCR, which has proved more sensitive and specific than microscopic examination methods, help to detect infection in low levels of parasitemia and mixed infections. Main our objectives were setting up nested PCR for detection(More)
Both urban and rural cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in different parts of Iran and has long been recognized in most provinces. However, there is no report of endemicity of CL in rural areas of Kashan, 200 km north of Isfahan and 260 km south of Tehran, Iran. To our knowledge, this is the first report of outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in this(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the advances in the diagnosis and treatment of leishmaniasis, it is still considered as a severe public health problem particularly in developing countries and a great economic burden on the health resources. The present study was designed and conducted to determine the eco-environmental characteristics of the leishmaniasis disease by(More)
To address the hypothesis that using a zirconia (ZrO2)/ β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) composite might improve both the mechanical properties and cellular compatibility of the porous material, we fabricated ZrO2/β-TCP composite scaffolds with different ZrO2/β-TCP ratios, and evaluated their physical and mechanical characteristics, also the effect of(More)