Gholam S Pajenda

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BACKGROUND This report deals with the advantages and disadvantages associated with the most commonly used methods of stabilization after a pathologic fracture of the humerus shaft. PATIENTS A total of 39 patients with 41 metastatic lesions and pathologic fractures of the humerus, treated surgically between 1992 and 2007, were retrospectively analyzed. (More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Although several publications concerning the use of the biomarkers S100B and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in vertebral spine fractures in animal experimental studies have proven their usefulness as early indicators of injury severity, there are no clinical reports on their effectiveness as indicators in patients with spinal injuries. As(More)
The classic ilioinguinal approach is a gold standard in acetabular surgery. We developed a modification, a minimally invasive method that entails a median lower abdominal approach with extraperitoneal dissection and exposure of the pubic symphysis. The second incision is lateral, next to the iliac crest. This allows an easy, safe and quick exposure of the(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether the type of intracranial traumatic lesions, the number of simultaneous traumatic lesions, and the occurrence of skull and facial bone fractures have an influence on S100 calcium binding protein B (S100B) serum levels. Patients with blunt traumatic brain injury were prospectively enrolled into this cohort(More)
Reaming increases intramedullary pressure and can cause fat intravasation. This study investigated the influence of reaming parameters on pressure changes using the AO, Gray, and Howmedica reamers. Silicone cylindrical shells with 10-, 11-, 16-, 19-, and 20-mm inner diameters were filled with a 1:2 ratio of paraffin and petroleum jelly. The 10- and 11-mm(More)
Although the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is not frequently injured, a greater understanding of its role in stabilizing the knee joint, mechanism of injury and treatment has developed. Isolated avulsion injuries constitute only a subgroup of PCL injuries, but nevertheless several operative techniques have been described for the fixation of the avulsed(More)
Fractures of the neck and body of the talus present as one of the most challenging and rare injuries. These fractures are often associated with other ankle, foot, and skeletal injuries, which complicate their treatment. The clinical course of 50 patients with a mean age of 29 years with a severe talus fracture between 1992 and 1997 is presented. According(More)
INTRODUCTION While the undisplaced acetabular fractures have a good prognosis after conservative treatment, the management of the displaced fractures has been a controversial issue over the last decades with variable results in their treatment and prognosis. Anatomical reduction can be only achieved operatively. The long term outcome of 209 patients with(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate which factors predict the failure and success of treatment of periprosthetic type B humeral fractures that have occurred traumatically. The institutional admission database and the trauma registry were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 8 patients suffering from periprosthetic humeral fractures were included.(More)
OBJECT The role of the neuromarkers S100B protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in minor head injury is well established. Moreover, there are sensitive decision rules available in the literature to identify clinically important brain lesions. However, it is not clear if using the biomarkers has an influence on the predictability of the decision rule.(More)