Gholam Reza Pouladfar

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Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused by Leishmania infantum, is endemic in southern Iran. To detect asymptomatic individuals, we used kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-ELISA methods on 388 blood samples of healthy persons in two endemic loci and compared the results with the leishmanin skin test (LST) and the immunofluorescent antibody(More)
We report a case visceral leishmaniasis with disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania tropica in southern Iran. Typing of this parasite was performed by a species-specific polymerase chain reaction and isoenzyme electrophoresis.
BACKGROUND Hajj is a mass gathering undertaken annually in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The 2009 Hajj coincided with both the pandemic influenza A/H1N1 2009 (A(H1N1)pdm09) and seasonal types of influenza A viruses. The interaction between pandemic influenza and Hajj could cause both a high level of mortality among the pilgrims and the spread of infection in their(More)
Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, which mostly occurs in the New World, is mainly associated with Leishmania braziliensis and to a lesser degree L. panamensis and L. amazonensis infections. Primary mucosal leishmaniasis is very rare in Iran in spite of high prevalence of cutaneous and visceral leishmanisis. A nine-year-old boy had cutaneous leishmaniaisis for(More)
Abstract. Secondary bacterial infections are a major complication and cause of death in children with visceral Leishmaniasis (VL). Thus, early diagnosis of bacterial infections is an important step in the treatment of patients with VL. The goal of this study was to determine if serum procalcitonin (PCT) could be used as a diagnostic marker of secondary(More)
Gastric tuberculosis is an uncommon manifestation of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis infection. The clinical signs of this type of infection are nonspecific and misleading. Clinically gastric tuberculosis resembles peptic ulcer disease or malignancy. We report a case of gastric tuberculosis, which was treated as acid peptic disease, in an Iranian(More)
BACKGROUND An association exists between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), peptic ulcers, gastritis, and sometimes gastric carcinomas. Th22 cells have protective and inflammatory roles in defense against microbes. AIM We investigated the frequencies of Th22, Tc22, Th22/17, and Tc22/17 cells in addition to the changes in levels of cytokines IL-22, IL-6,(More)
INTRODUCTION Campylobacter jejuni is a slender, motile, non-spore-forming, helical-shaped, gram-negative bacterium. It is one of the most common causes of human gastroenteritis in the world. The aim of this study was to present a patient with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), who was infected with Campylobacter jejuni. CASE PRESENTATION We describe the(More)
The class Zygomycetes is divided into two orders, Mucorales and Entomophthorales. Members of these two orders produce dramatically different infections. The fungi in Entomophthorales which encompass 2 genera: Conidiobolus and Basidiobolus are uncommon pathogens causing chronic cutaneous and subcutaneous infections in immunocompetent patients and rarely(More)
In chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients, esophageal stricture is a rare complication and the treatment of choice is still controversial. There are few reports of successful therapy with antibiotics, corticosteroids, multiple balloon dilatations or their combination.We report a 3-three-year-old Iranian boy with recurrent esophageal obstruction due to(More)