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A finite element based micromechanical model has been developed for analyzing and characterizing the microstructural as well as homogenized mechanical response of brain tissue under large deformation. The model takes well-organized soft tissue as a fiber-reinforced composite with nonlinear and anisotropic behavior assumption for the fiber as well as the(More)
A mechanized and integrated computational scheme is introduced to determine the human brain responses in an environment where the human head is exposed to explosions from trinitrotoluene (TNT), or other high-yield explosives, in military applications. The procedure is based on a three-dimensional (3-D) non-linear finite element method (FEM) that implements(More)
A major role for the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is to provide effective damping against sudden intracranial brain motions during dynamic head impact. This paper examines the roles of CSF properties on human brain responses under certain impact loadings. The brain is assumed to have a hyperviscoelastic material behaviour, while CSF is considered to be(More)
In this paper, a computational modeling for biomechanical analysis of primary blast injuries is presented. The responses of the brain in terms of mechanical parameters under different blast spaces including open, semi-confined, and confined environments are studied. In the study, the effect of direct and indirect blast waves from the neighboring walls in(More)
This paper proposes a micromechanics algorithm utilising the finite element method (FEM) for the analysis of heterogeneous matter. The characterisation procedure takes the material properties of the constituents, axons and extracellular matrix (ECM) as input data. The material properties of both the axons and the matrix are assumed to have linear(More)
In this study, the optimal viscoelastic material parameters of axon and extracellular matrix (ECM) in porcine brain white matter were identified using a genetic algorithm (GA) optimization procedure. The procedure was combined with micromechanical finite element analysis (FEA) of brain tissue and experimental stress relaxation tests on brainstem specimens(More)
The results of a computational study of a helmeted human head are presented in this paper. The focus of the work is to study the effects of helmet pad materials on the level of acceleration, inflicted pressure and shear stress in a human brain model subjected to a ballistic impact. Four different closed cell foam materials, made of expanded polystyrene and(More)
In this paper, a three-dimensional (3-D) nonlinear finite element (FE) method is used in association with the Articulated Total Body (ATB) biodynamics method, to study the human brain response under dynamic loading. The FE formulation includes the detailed model of the skull, brain, cerebral-spinal fluid (CSF), dura mater, pia mater, falx and tentorium(More)
Underwash occurs as the incoming shockwaves enter the helmet subspace and develop a high pressure region at the opposite side of the head. The mechanism leading to the underwash is yet not well understood. To investigate this effect, the turbulent, supersonic flow of compressible air approaching the head-helmet assembly from different directions was studied(More)
In this paper, head-neck boundary conditions and modeling of the head are studied circumspectly. The neck is modeled using discrete elements and the head model is three-dimensional. In the study presented here, a viscoelastic foundation (i.e., foundation defined by both springs and dampers) concept is introduced to simulate the head-neck boundary conditions(More)