Ghilsoo Nam

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Most herbal medicines that are orally administrated have been known to be metabolized before they are absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. We, therefore, examined the effects of 20(S)-ginsenosides Rb1, Rg1 and Rg3, the three most commonly studied ginsenosides in the central nervous system, and their main metabolites on NMDA receptors using fura-2-based(More)
Abnormal phosphorylation of tau has been considered as a key pathogenic mechanism inducing tau aggregation in multiple neurodegenerative disorders, collectively called tauopathies. Recent evidence showed that tau phosphorylation sites are protected with O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) in normal brain. In pathological condition, tau is(More)
We showed recently that ginsenosides inhibit the activity of various types of ion channel. Here we have investigated the role of the carbohydrate component of ginsenoside Rg3 in the inhibition of Na+ channels. The channels were expressed in Xenopus oocytes by injecting cRNAs encoding rat brain Nav1.2 alpha and beta1 subunits, and analyzed by the(More)
Continuous identification and validation of novel drug targets require the development of rapid, reliable, and sensitive cell-based high-throughput screening (HTS) methods for proposed targets. Recently, the 5-HT(6) receptor (5-HT(6)R), a member of the class of recently discovered 5-HT receptors, has received considerable attention for its possible(More)
The C-1-phosphonate analogue of UDP-GlcNAc has been synthesized using an alpha-configured C-1-aldehyde as a key intermediate. Addition of the anion of diethyl phosphate to the aldehyde produced the hydroxyphosphonate. The configuration of this key intermediate was determined by X-ray crystallography. Deoxygenation, coupling of the resulting phosphonic acid(More)
A serine-threonine kinase IKK-2 plays an important role in activation of NF-κB through phosphorylation of the inhibitor of NF-κB (IκB). As NF-κB is a major transcription factor that regulates genes responsible for cell proliferation and inflammation, development of selective IKK-2 inhibitors has been an important area of anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer(More)
5-HT(3A) receptor antagonists have been used mainly for the treatment of nausea and vomiting. These days, the antagonists are of special interest due to their therapeutic potential to treat other diseases such as depression, psychotic disorder, drug abuse, and irritable bowel syndrome. To discover novel 5-HT(3A) receptor antagonists, we screened our(More)
A novel series of 3,5,6-trisubstituted pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7-one derivatives, especially 6-N-arylcarboxamidopyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ones were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activities against various human cancer cell lines. The inhibitory activities for several kinases have also been tested. The prepared compounds library(More)
A novel series of oxazolidinone-class antimicrobial agents with 5-substituted octahydrocyclopenta[c]pyrrole moieties at the C-ring of linezolid and an acetamide or 1,2,3-triazole ring as the C-5 side chain of the oxazolidinone ring were prepared. The resulting series of compounds were evaluated for in vitro antimicrobial activity against Mycobacterium(More)