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Amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) oligomers may be the proximate neurotoxins in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, to elucidate the oligomerization pathway, we studied Abeta monomer folding and identified a decapeptide segment of Abeta, (21)Ala-(22)Glu-(23)Asp-(24)Val-(25)Gly-(26)Ser-(27)Asn-(28)Lys-(29)Gly-(30)Ala, within which turn formation appears to(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common neurodegenerative disease in the elderly population, is characterized by the hippocampal deposition of fibrils formed by amyloid beta-protein (A beta), a 40- to 42-amino-acid peptide. The folding of A beta into neurotoxic oligomeric, protofibrillar, and fibrillar assemblies is believed to mediate the key pathologic(More)
Substantial evidence suggests that the aggregation of the presynaptic protein alpha-synuclein is a key step in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although the molecular mechanisms underlying alpha-synuclein aggregation remain unknown, oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of PD. Here, we report the effects of tyrosine nitration on(More)
The aggregation and fibrillation of alpha-synuclein has been implicated as a key step in the etiology of Parkinson's disease and several other neurodegenerative disorders. In addition, oxidative stress and certain environmental factors, including metals, are believed to play an important role in Parkinson's disease. Previously, we have shown that(More)
The aggregation of alpha-synuclein in dopaminergic neurons is a critical factor in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Oxidative and nitrative stress is also implicated in PD. We examined the effect of nitration on the propensity of alpha-synuclein to fibrillate in vitro. Fibril formation of alpha-synuclein was completely inhibited by nitration, due(More)
The aggregation of normally soluble alpha-synuclein in the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra is a crucial step in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Oxidative stress is believed to be a contributing factor in this disorder. Because it lacks Trp and Cys residues, mild oxidation of alpha-synuclein in vitro with hydrogen peroxide selectively(More)
We examined the effect of methionine oxidation of human recombinant alpha-synuclein on its structural properties and propensity to fibrillate. Both oxidized and non-oxidized alpha-synucleins were natively unfolded under conditions of neutral pH, with the oxidized protein being slightly more disordered. Both proteins adopted identical partially folded(More)
The aggregation of alpha-synuclein is believed to be a critical step in the etiology of Parkinson's disease. A variety of biophysical techniques were used to investigate the aggregation and fibrillation of alpha-synuclein in which one of the four intrinsic Tyr residues was replaced by Trp, and two others by Phe, in order to permit fluorescence resonance(More)
The aggregation of normally soluble alpha-synuclein in the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra is a crucial step in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Oxidative stress is believed to be a contributing factor in this disorder. We have previously established that oxidation of all four methionine residues in alpha-synuclein (to the sulfoxide,(More)
The fibrillation and aggregation of alpha-synuclein is a key process in the formation of intracellular inclusions, Lewy bodies, in substantia nigral neurons and, potentially, in the pathology of Parkinson's disease and several other neurodegenerative disorders. Alpha-synuclein and its homologue beta-synuclein are both natively unfolded proteins that(More)