Ghenima Dirami

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Spermatogenesis is initiated with the divisions of the type A spermatogonial stem cells; however, the regulation of this stem cell population remains unknown. In order to obtain a better understanding of the biology of these cells, type A spermatogonia were isolated from 80-day-old pig testes by sedimentation velocity at unit gravity. The cells were(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the expression and activation of the c-kit receptor, a specific receptor for kit ligand (stem cell factor, steel factor), in rat type A spermatogonia. Testes were obtained from 9-day-old rats, decapsulated, and then subjected to sequential enzymatic digestion. The mixture of testicular cell types was then separated(More)
The release of arachidonic acid by luteinizing hormone (LH) and the effects of inhibiting phospholipase A2 (PLA2) in vivo and in vitro on LH stimulated steroidogenesis in rat testis Leydig cells has been investigated. It was found that arachidonic acid is rapidly incorporated into phospholipids and is released within 1 min after addition of LH. The effects(More)
Retinoids play a key role in the formation of pulmonary alveoli. Lipid interstitial cells (LICs) of the alveolar wall store retinol and are concentrated at sites of alveolus formation, suggesting they are an endogenous source of retinoids for alveolus formation. We show in cultured rat lung cells that LICs synthesize and secrete all-trans retinoic acid(More)
Members of the Notch gene family have been shown to play an important role in the control of cell fate in many developmental systems. We hypothesized that the fate of the male germ line stem cells may also be mediated through the Notch signaling pathway. We therefore sought to determine whether the components of the Notch pathway are expressed in the mouse(More)
In the mammalian testis, type A spermatogonia proliferate and differentiate into sperm under the tight control of both endocrine and paracrine factors. In order to study the complex process of spermatogenesis at the molecular level, an in vitro system must be devised in which type A spermatogonia can be cultured for a prolonged period of time. Therefore,(More)
Although the role of basement membrane in the morphological and functional differentiation of Sertoli cells has been well characterized, very little is known about its involvement in Sertoli cell survival and maintenance throughout life. When cultured on laminin or Matrigel, 80-90% of Sertoli cells retained their viability. Sertoli cells prevented from(More)
Luteinizing hormone (LH) interacts with its plasma membrane receptor to stimulate steroidogenesis not only via cyclic AMP but also other pathways which include arachidonic acid and leukotrienes and regulation of chloride and calcium channels. The same stimulatory pathways may lead to desensitization and down-regulation of the LH receptor and(More)
Sertoli cells isolated from 6-day postpartum mouse testes were conditionally immortalized with the simian virus 40 large tumor antigen gene (SV40-LTAg) under the control of a promoter inducible with ponasterone A, an analog of ecdysone. This strategy produced 2 cell lines, which exhibited mixed phenotypes. We first tested the conditional expression of the(More)