Ghazala R Hayat

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BACKGROUND Neuromyotonia (NMT) has been postulated to be an autoimmune channelopathy, probably by affecting voltage gated potassium channels (VGKC) leading to excitation and abnormal discharges [Sinha et al., Lancet 338 (1991) 75]. OBJECTIVE To report three patients with NMT who had other associated immune-mediated conditions, i.e., myasthenia gravis,(More)
BACKGROUND Neurosarcoidosis is a rare manifestation of sarcoidosis. Involvement of the nervous system in sarcoidosis can range from peripheral or cranial neuropathy to central nervous system disease. Cauda equina sarcoidosis is distinctly rare. REVIEW SUMMARY The authors present a 58-year-old patient with systemic sarcoidosis who developed cauda equina(More)
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a group of chronic, autoimmune conditions affecting primarily the proximal muscles. The most common types are dermatomyositis (DM), polymyositis (PM), necrotizing autoimmune myopathy (NAM), and sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM). Patients typically present with sub-acute to chronic onset of proximal weakness(More)
Toxoplasmosis can cause polymyositis either by reactivation or by recent infection. Inconsistent response to antiprotozoal therapy has been the strongest argument against toxoplasmic polymyositis as a separate entity. We report a biopsy-proven case of toxoplasmic polymyositis in a cardiac transplant patient presenting with a severe proximal weakness,(More)
BACKGROUND Intramedullary neurosarcoidosis may be the first manifestation of the disease and may mimic a tumor clinically and radiographically. Two patients who presented with cervical intramedullary lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were found to have neurosarcoidosis. CLINICAL PRESENTATION Two patients with negative past medical history(More)
We report the case of a severely hypotonic and weak term newborn who required ventilatory support from the time of birth. Serial neurophysiologic studies were consistent with severe demyelinating polyneuropathy. The infant's condition deteriorated over several weeks despite treatment with corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) for presumed(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the effect of hyperthermia (HT) on central conduction pathways by alterations in pattern visual evoked potentials (PVEPs) in normal and demyelinated optic nerves. MATERIALS AND METHODS We studied PVEP peak latency and amplitudes in 10 normal subjects and six patients with demyelinating optic neuropathy before and during(More)
Noncontrast computed tomographic scans (CT scans) may show a hyperdense basilar artery before a brainstem infarct is visualized. This early sign should assist clinicians in confirming the diagnosis of basilar artery thrombosis. In a review of admission records of 750 patients with acute cerebrovascular disease from July 1991 to June 1993, at Saint Louis(More)
BACKGROUND Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease that almost always results in death in under a year from onset of symptoms. Here, we report four cases of CJD with different clinical presentations diagnosed at our institution over a 2-year period. CASES The first patient is an 82-year-old woman who(More)
Background: Delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF), indicated for the treatment of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), is a disease-modifying therapy with potential immunomodulatory and neuropro-tective effects. In clinical trials, DMF was associated with reduced white blood cell and absolute lymphocyte counts. Current US prescribing(More)