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Alpha1D L-type Ca channel was assumed to be of neuroendocrine origin only; however, alpha1D L-type Ca channel knockout mice exhibit sinus bradycardia and atrioventricular block, indicating a distinct role of alpha1D in the heart. The presence and distribution of alpha1D Ca channel in the heart and its regulation by protein kinase A (PKA) are just emerging.(More)
UNLABELLED Familial long QT syndrome (LQTS) and Brugada syndrome are two distinct human hereditary cardiac diseases known to cause ventricular tachyarrhythmias (torsade de pointes) and idiopathic ventricular fibrillation, respectively, which can both lead to sudden death. OBJECTIVE In this study we have identified and electrophysiologically characterized,(More)
Unapposed connexin 43 hemichannels (Cx43Hc) are present on sarcolemma of cardiomyocytes. Whereas Cx43Hc remain closed during physiological conditions, their opening under ischemic stress contributes to irreversible tissue injury and cell death. To date, conventional blockers of connexin channels act unselectively on both gap junction channels and unapposed(More)
The SCN5A gene encodes the alpha subunit of the human heart sodium channel (hH1), which plays a critical role in cardiac excitability. Mutations of SCN5A underlie Brugada syndrome, an inherited disorder that leads to ventricular fibrillation and sudden death. This study describes changes in cellular localization and functional expression of hH1 in a(More)
The opening of unapposed connexin 43 hemichannels (Cx43Hc) under ischemic stress leads to cell death and irreversible tissue injury. Here, we investigate for the first time in vivo the cardioprotective potentials of two unique Cx43 structural-mimetic peptides (Cx43MPs) presumed specific blockers of Cx43Hc, Gap26 and Gap27, when injected intravenously using(More)
Brugada syndrome is an inherited cardiac disorder caused by mutations in the cardiac sodium channel gene, SCN5A, that leads to ventricular fibrillation and sudden death. This study reports the changes in functional expression and cellular localization of an SCN5A double mutant (R1232W/T1620M) recently discovered in patients with Brugada syndrome. Mutant and(More)
The novel alpha(1D) L-type Ca(2+) channel is expressed in supraventricular tissue and has been implicated in the pacemaker activity of the heart and in atrial fibrillation. We recently demonstrated that PKA activation led to increased alpha(1D) Ca(2+) channel activity in tsA201 cells by phosphorylation of the channel protein. Here we sought to identify the(More)
The Ca(v)1.3 (alpha(1D)) variant of L-type Ca(2+) channels plays a vital role in the function of neuroendocrine and cardiovascular systems. In this article, we report on the molecular and functional basis of alpha(1D) Ca(2+) channel modulation by protein kinase C (PKC). Specifically, we show that the serine 81 (S81) phosphorylation site at the(More)
Heterozygous mutations in genes encoding cardiac ionic channel subunits KCNQ1, HERG, SCN5A, KCNE1, and KCNE2 are causally involved in the dominant form of long-QT syndrome (LQTS) while homozygous mutations in KCNQ1 and KCNE1 cause LQTS with or without congenital deafness. In addition, two homozygous HERG mutations have been associated with severe LQTS with(More)
Brugada syndrome is a hereditary cardiac disease causing abnormal ST segment elevation in the ECG, right bundle branch block, ventricular fibrillation and sudden death. In this study we characterized a new mutation in the SCN5A gene (T1620M), causing the Brugada syndrome. The mutated channels were expressed in both Xenopus leavis oocytes and in mammalian(More)