Ghassan S. Dbaibo

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We have proposed the "glucolipotoxicity" hypothesis in which elevated free fatty acids (FFAs) together with hyperglycemia are synergistic in causing islet beta-cell damage because high glucose inhibits fat oxidation and consequently lipid detoxification. The effects of 1-2 d culture of both rat INS 832/13 cells and human islet beta-cells were investigated(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) activates the stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs, also known as Jun nuclear kinases or JNKs) resulting in the stimulation of AP-1-dependent gene transcription and induces the translocation of NF kappa B to the nucleus resulting in the stimulation of NF kappa B-dependent gene transcription. A potential second(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) exerts pleiotropic biologic effects. Although TNF-alpha appears to activate a number of signal transduction pathways, the role of second messengers in mediating the different effects of TNF-alpha are not well defined. In this study, we investigated the role of ceramide as an intracellular mediator of TNF-alpha action.(More)
A recent increase in carbapenem resistance among extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli isolates at a major tertiary care centre in Lebanon prompted the initiation of this study. Consecutive ESBL-producing isolates were tested for resistance to carbapenems, with initial screening by disk diffusion and Etest(More)
BACKGROUND Commonly used trivalent vaccines contain one influenza B virus lineage and may be ineffective against viruses of the other B lineage. We evaluated the efficacy of a candidate inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine (QIV) containing both B lineages. METHODS In this multinational, phase 3, observer-blinded study, we randomly assigned children(More)
Ceramide accumulation in the cell can occur from either hydrolysis of sphingomyelin or by de novo synthesis. In this study, we found that blocking de novo ceramide synthesis significantly inhibits ceramide accumulation and subsequent cell death in response to tumor necrosis factor alpha. When cells were pre-treated with glutathione, a proposed cellular(More)
In vertebrates, heart formation which integrates different structures and cell types is a complex process that involves a network of genes regulated by transcription factors. Proper spatiotemporal expression of these factors ensure the highly needed tight control of each step in organogenesis. A mistake at any step from cell-commitment to valve formation(More)
We report the first case of vertebral aspergillosis in a child with a primary defect in monocyte killing, an extremely rare immunodeficiency The diagnosis of defective monocyte killing was made by an in vitro assay that showed normal killing of Staphylococcus aureus by the patient's neutrophils but impaired killing by his monocytes. Importantly, the(More)
Both p53 and ceramide have been implicated in the regulation of growth suppression. p53 has been proposed as the "guardian of the genome" and ceramide has been suggested as a "tumor suppressor lipid. " Both molecules appear to regulate cell cycle arrest, senescence, and apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the relationship between p53 and ceramide. We(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common infections in the pediatric population. Over the last two decades, antibiotic resistance is increasing significantly as extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) producing organisms are emerging. The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive view of the epidemiologic characteristics of(More)