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Mucinous ovarian carcinomas (MCs) typically do not respond to current conventional therapy. We have previously demonstrated amplification of HER2 in 6 of 33 (18.2%) mucinous ovarian carcinomas (MCs) and presented anecdotal evidence of response with HER2-targeted treatment in a small series of women with recurrent HER2-amplified (HER2+) MC. Here, we explore(More)
OBJECTIVE HPV infection has been associated with deregulation of the PI3K-Akt-mTOR pathway in invasive cervical carcinomas. This 2-stage phase II study assessed the activity of the mTOR inhibitor, temsirolimus, in patients with measurable metastatic and/or locally advanced, recurrent carcinoma of the cervix. METHODS Temsirolimus 25mg i.v. was administered(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in tumor progression and metastasis. We, and others, recently identified a number of miRNAs that are dysregulated in metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared with primary renal cell carcinoma. Here, we investigated three miRNAs that are significantly downregulated in metastatic tumors: miR-192, miR-194 and miR-215.(More)
OBJECTIVE The phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/serine-threonine kinase PI3K/AKT pathway is postulated to be central to cancer cell development. Activation of this pathway is believed to promote angiogenesis, protein translation and cell cycle progression. A large percentage of endometrial carcinomas have demonstrated mutations within this regulation pathway(More)
BACKGROUND The mismatch repair (MMR) status of tumors is being increasingly recognized as a prognostic, predictive, and possible germline predisposition/Lynch syndrome (LS) biomarker in colorectal cancer and other cancer types, particularly in endometrial cancer. Current methods (clinical history and tumor morphology) to predict MMR deficiency (dMMR) are(More)
BAF250a (ARID1A) loss is a frequent event in high-grade endometrial cancers. It has been proposed that ARID1A is a driver gene, with ARID1A mutations occurring secondary to deregulated mismatch repair mechanism in gastric cancers, representing an alternative oncogenic pathway to p53 alteration. The prognostic significance of ARID1A loss is controversial. In(More)
AIMS We investigated the sensitivity and specificity of two novel Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation-specific antibodies in the detection of the most common EGFR mutations in lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 241 resected lung adenocarcinoma specimens and six resected post-neoadjuvant gefitinib adenocarcinomas were analysed(More)
A spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system and an oral imaging probe have been developed to visualize the microstructural morphology and microvasculature in the human oral cavity. Structural OCT images of ex vivo pig oral tissues with the histology of the same sites were acquired and compared for correlations. Structural in vivo OCT(More)
INTRODUCTION The prognostic significance of activity biomarkers within the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway was assessed in two independent cohorts of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) patients uniformly treated with a multimodal approach. We specifically assessed expression signatures in a(More)
Although different histologic subtypes of epithelial ovarian tumors have long been recognized, their molecular abnormalities have not been fully defined. We examined the prevalence of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) protein loss in these tumors. Tissue microarrays (TMA) of suspected ovarian carcinomas were stained for hMLH1, hMSH2, hMSH6, and hPMS2 and scored(More)