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The antiviral activity of the synthetic nucleoside, Virazole (1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide), against measles virus in Vero cell cultures was substantially reversed by xanthosine, guanosine, and to a slightly lesser extent by inosine. Virazole 5'-phosphate was subsequently found to be a potent competitive inhibitor of inosine(More)
3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (edaravone), an effective free radical scavenger, provides neuroprotection in stroke models and patients. In this study, we investigated its neuroprotective effects in a chronic rotenone rat model for Parkinson's disease. Here we showed that a five-week treatment with edaravone abolished rotenone's activity to induce(More)
Virazole is a synthetic nucleoside active in tissue culture against at least 16 DNA and RNA viruses. Applied topically, it inhibits herpetic keratitis in rabbits and tail lesions induced by herpes, vaccinia, and vesicular stomatitis viruses in mice. Injected intraperitoneally into mice, it inhibits splenomegaly and hepatomegaly induced by Friend leukemia(More)
Virazole (1-beta-d-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide) is a highly soluble new synthetic nucleoside having significant, reproducible activity against a broad spectrum of deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid viruses in vitro. The drug inhibited viral cytopathogenic effects in monolayers of cells infected for 3 days with type 3 adeno, types 1(More)
Topical application of 1-beta-d-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide (Virazole) significantly inhibited the development of herpetic keratitis in the eyes of rabbits, as determined by both infectivity and Draize scoring parameters. Significant inhibition of the infection was demonstrated with 10% concentrations of Virazole; a 1% solution had a moderate(More)
1-beta-d-Ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide (Virazole) was found to possess significant antiviral activity against aerosol-induced or intranasally induced influenza A(0), A(2), and B virus infections in mice. Significant protection was achieved by both oral and intraperitoneal routes of administration. Depending upon the level of virus infection,(More)
1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide (ribavirin) had significant in vitro activity against type 1 parainfluenza (Sendai) and type 3 parainogenic (HA-1) viruses. Activity was manifested as inhibition of both viral cytopathogenic effect and of recoverable virus or viral hemagglutinin titer. The minimum Sendai virus inhibitory concentration was(More)