Ghanashyam D. Ghadge

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Most early onset cases of familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) are caused by mutations in presenilin-1 (PS1) and presenilin-2 (PS2). These mutations lead to increased beta-amyloid formation and may induce apoptosis in some model systems. Using primary cultured hippocampal neurons (HNs) and rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells transiently transfected with(More)
Neurodegeneration associated with Alzheimer's disease is believed to involve toxicity to beta-amyloid (A beta) and related peptides. Treatment of cultured rat hippocampal neurons with A beta 1-40 (1 microM) or the active fragment A beta 25-35 (1 microM) for 5 days led to a approximately 40-50% decrease in neuronal viability. The hydrophilic antioxidant(More)
Mutations in Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (mtSOD1) cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), a neurodegenerative disease resulting from motor neuron degeneration. Here, we demonstrate that wild type SOD1 (wtSOD1) undergoes palmitoylation, a reversible post-translational modification that can regulate protein structure, function, and localization.(More)
The tumor suppressor gene p53 has been implicated in the induction of apoptosis in dividing cells. We now show that overexpression of p53 using an adenoviral vector in cultured rat hippocampal pyramidal neurons causes widespread neuronal death with features typical of apoptosis. p53 overexpression did not induce p21, bax, or mdm2 in neurons. X-irradiation(More)
Mutations in human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD) cause approximately 20% of cases of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS). We investigated the mechanism of mutant SOD-induced neuronal degeneration by expressing wild-type and mutant SODs in neuronal cells by means of infection with replication-deficient recombinant adenoviruses. Expression of(More)
In human cells infected with adenovirus, the virus-associated RNA VAI blocks the activation of the interferon-induced double-stranded-RNA-dependent 68-kDa protein kinase (p68) and maintains normal levels of protein synthesis at late times after infection. VAI antagonizes the kinase activity by binding to p68. The structure of VAI consists of two long,(More)
Overexpression of gp120, the major coat protein of the HIV-1 virus, in central glial cells, or treatment of neurons with gp120 in culture, produces apoptotic neuronal death. Here we demonstrate that CEP-1347 (KT7515), an inhibitor of mixed lineage kinase 3 (MLK3), an upstream activator of JNK, inhibits gp120IIIB-induced apoptosis of hippocampal neurons.(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine (1) if bacteria-specific serum IgE levels can be more effectively measured by first absorbing competing IgG antibodies from serum and (2) if patients with chronic paranasal sinus disease exhibit a high positive prevalence of bacteria-specific serum IgE. DESIGN A modified radioallergosorbent test method was employed wherein each(More)
Adenoviruses use the virus-encoded virus-associated RNA (VAI RNA) as a defense against cellular antiviral response by blocking the activation of the interferon-induced, double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase PKR. The structure of VAI RNA consists of two long, imperfectly base-paired duplex regions connected by a complex short stem-loop at the center,(More)
2'-5' oligoadenylate (2-5(A)) synthetase and protein kinase, RNA activated (PKR) are the only two known enzymes that bind double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) and get activated by it. We have previously identified their dsRNA binding domains, which do not have any sequence homology. Here, we report a profound difference between the two enzymes with respect to the(More)