Gezina C H Ferreira

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The cytotoxicity of three Stenocarpella maydis metabolites (diplodiatoxin, dipmatol and diplonine) was investigated on Neuro-2a, CHO-K1 and MDBK cell lines. Diplodiatoxin was the most cytotoxic followed by dipmatol. Conversely, diplonine was not cytotoxic. Diplodiatoxin and dipmatol affected mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase (MTT assay) and the overall(More)
Cyanobacteria or blue green algae are known for their extensive and highly visible blooms in eutrophic, stagnant freshwater bodies. Climate change and global warming have also contributed to a rise in toxic cyanobacterial blooms. One of the most important cyanobacteria is Microcystis aeruginosa, which can synthesize various microcystins that can affect the(More)
Geigeria poisoning in sheep, locally known as 'vermeersiekte', is an economically important plant poisoning in southern Africa. The toxic principles contained by the toxic plants are believed to be several sesquiterpene lactones, such as geigerin, vermeeric acid and vermeerin, which cause striated muscle lesions in small stock. Because of ethical issues(More)
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