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Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) is the rate-limiting enzyme for triacylglycerol (TAG) hydrolysis in adipocytes. The precise mechanisms whereby ATGL is regulated remain uncertain. Here, we demonstrate that a protein encoded by G(0)/G(1) switch gene 2 (G0S2) is a selective regulator of ATGL. G0S2 is highly expressed in adipose tissue and differentiated(More)
Activation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is involved in HIV-1-induced disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In the present study, we hypothesize that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α or PPARγ can protect against HIV-1-induced MMP-9 overexpression in brain endothelial cells (hCMEC cell line) by attenuating cellular oxidative(More)
Telomerase, via its catalytic component telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), extends telomeres of eukaryotic chromosomes. The importance of this reaction is related to the fact that telomere shortening is a rate-limiting mechanism for human life span that induces cell senescence and contributes to the development of age-related pathologies. The aim of(More)
HNF4alpha (hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha) plays an essential role in the development and function of vertebrate organs, including hepatocytes and pancreatic beta-cells by regulating expression of multiple genes involved in organ development, nutrient transport, and diverse metabolic pathways. As such, HNF4alpha is a culprit gene product for a monogenic(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear receptors which down-regulate inflammatory signaling pathways. Therefore, we hypothesized that alterations of PPAR functions can contribute to human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1)-induced dysfunction of brain endothelial cells. Indeed, treatment with HIV-1 transactivator of transcription(More)
HNF1beta is an atypical POU transcription factor that participates in a hierarchical network of transcription factors controlling the development and proper function of vital organs such as liver, pancreas, and kidney. Many inheritable mutations on HNF1beta are the monogenic causes of diabetes and several kidney diseases. To elucidate the molecular(More)
DNA topoisomerase IIalpha (topo IIalpha) is an essential nuclear enzyme required for chromosome segregation during mitosis. Consistent with its critical role in cell division is the fact that the expression of the gene for topo IIalpha is strongly regulated by the proliferation state of cells. Using a transient expression system, we determined the(More)
Caspase plays an important role in apoptosis. We report here that farnesyltransferase/geranylgeranyltransferase (FTase/GGTase)-alpha, a common subunit of FTase (alpha/beta(FTase)) and GGTase I (alpha/beta(GGTase)), was cleaved by caspase-3 during apoptosis. FTase/GGTase-alpha (49 kDa) was cleaved to 35 kDa (p35) in the Rat-2/H-ras, W4 and Rat-1 cells(More)
Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF4alpha) is a novel nuclear receptor that participates in a hierarchical network of transcription factors regulating the development and physiology of such vital organs as the liver, pancreas, and kidney. Among the various transcriptional coregulators with which HNF4alpha interacts, peroxisome proliferation-activated(More)
Unique nuclear receptor Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4α (HNF4α) is an essential transcriptional regulator for early development and proper function of pancreatic ß-cells, and its mutations are monogenic causes of a dominant inherited form of diabetes referred to as Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young 1 (MODY1). As a gene-specific transcription factor, HNF4α(More)