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BACKGROUNDS/AIMS The causative agents for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and antibiotic resistance rate vary according to the regions and time. This study evaluated the recent changes in the profiles of microorganisms and antibiotic resistance rate for the choice of effective antibiotics in treating SBP. METHODS The clinical records of 1,018(More)
BACKGROUND Liver abscess is a rare but potentially fatal complication of transarterial chemoembolization. Other than for biliary abnormalities, risk factors for liver abscess formation after transarterial chemoembolization have rarely been discussed. AIMS To identify other risk factors of liver abscess after transarterial chemoembolization in patients(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Compact lipiodol uptake without enhancement on multiphasic helical computed tomography (CT) has been suggested as a radiologic response criterion in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and subsequent partial hepatectomy. However, its usefulness has not been fully investigated in the(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the efficacy and toxicity of high-dose 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) for patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) not eligible for other local modalities. METHODS Between 1998 and 2006, 61 patients with small HCC were treated with high-dose 3D-CRT. The eligibility criteria were as follows: (1) HCC <5 cm;(More)
HMGB1 (high mobility group box 1), a ubiquitously expressed DNA-binding nucleoprotein, has not only been attributed with important functions in the regulation of gene expression but is thought to function as an important damage-associated molecular pattern in the extracellular space. Recently, conditional Hmgb1 deletion strategies have been employed to(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The necessity of preemptive antiviral therapy in patients with past HBV infection is uncertain. We evaluated the incidence and risk factors of HBV reactivation in cancer patients with past HBV infection who received anti-cancer chemotherapy. METHODOLOGY Between Jan. 2009 and Dec. 2011, we reviewed 675 HBsAg negative and anti-HBc positive(More)
A 63-year-old HBsAg-positive male patient was admitted for the evaluation of a liver mass that was detected on ultrasonography. Spiral computed tomography (CT) revealed infiltrative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the right hepatic lobe with main portal vein tumor thrombosis. His liver function was Child-Pugh class A and the serum alpha fetoprotein level(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Visceral larva migrans, caused by Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati, has emerged as a significant cause of eosinophilic liver abscess (ELA). Differentiation of ELA associated with toxocariasis (ELA-T) from metastasis or primary liver malignancy is sometimes difficult. However, the role of albendazole treatment remains uncertain in this(More)
Hepatitis A is generally known as a mild, self-limiting disease of the liver, but in rare instances it can progress to fulminant hepatitis, which may require liver transplantation for recovery. Such cases are known to be related to old age and underlying liver disease. We report four cases of hepatitis A in which patients presented with fulminant hepatitis(More)
Intestinal bypass surgery, particularly jejuno-ileal bypass surgery, performed for the purpose of weight reduction may cause an unexpected exacerbation of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Here, we report a case of NASH caused by small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, which developed after jejuno-colic bypass surgery and resolved dramatically after(More)