Gesine Menardi

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PURPOSE Patients with spina bifida are at a high risk for having an immediate type allergy to latex products. The number of surgical interventions, atopy and catheterization are well known responsible factors, whereas the condition of spina bifida per se has not been established as an independent risk factor. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 131 patients(More)
BCG vaccines are the oldest vaccines in use today, but the protective effect of the vaccination is still controversial. The risk of contracting tuberculosis is low compared with the possible complications after this vaccination. In Austria the formerly used BCG vaccine was not available in the required amount and another vaccine was released by the drug(More)
In this study, 223 cases of esophageal atresia (Type IIIb: 85.7%; Type II: 5.8%; Type IIIc: 4.0%; Type IIIa: 2.2%; Type IV: 2.2%) from 6 pediatric surgery centers of Austria, were retrospectively examined for the following parameters and their influence on the prognosis: Birth weight (2494.7 +/- 702.0 g), gestation week (range 27-42 weeks; mean 37.3 +/- 3.1(More)
Between 1991 and 1993, 106 newly diagnosed cases of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) were prospectively analyzed for the association of HD and intestinal neuronal dysplasia (IND) at ten pediatric surgical departments in central Europe. Hirschsprung-associated IND (HaIND) was found in 40% of cases. IND was disseminated in one-third and localized in two-thirds of(More)
Spina bifida is generally accompanied by a high incidence of foot deformities. The goal of management is to achieve a plantigrade foot. Deformities are related to the level of the lesion. With thoracic lesions, the most frequent deformity is an equinus lesion (55%), a club foot with mid-lumbar lesion (87%) and a calcaneal foot with sacral lesions (34%). No(More)
Although its protective effect is contested and the risk of contracting tuberculosis is rather low nowadays, BCG vaccination is frequently performed. Changes of strain repeatedly led to an increased complication rate. In Austria between 1990 and 1991, of 3386 newborn babies (Strain Pasteur) 116 developed lymphadenitis 3 to 28 weeks after vaccination. The(More)
The Pallister-Hall syndrome is characterised by specific facial anomalies, postaxial polydactyly, imperforate anus, and brain anomalies including a diencephalic hamartoblastoma. The hallmarks of the McKusick-Kaufmann syndrome are hydrocolpos owing to vaginal atresia, postaxial polydactyly, imperforate anus, and congenital heart defects. We report a patient(More)
Due to prenatal and perinatally performed real-time sonography, ovarian cysts are more frequently detected than before, but patients are still treated mainly after development of symptoms. We report the clinical courses of seven babies with large cysts who were asymptomatic or presented with abdominal distension, incarcerated hernia, or vomiting. The cysts(More)
The underlying injury to undescended testes may be hormonal, a transient perinatal form fruste of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism characterized by blunting of the surge in gonadotropins normally seen at age 60 to 90 days. Ischemia is the underlying injury to testes associated with incarcerated inguinal hernias. To determine if the histopathology of these 2(More)