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After viewing an object in an implied rotation, subjects' short-term visual memory for the object's position is distorted in the direction of rotation. Previous accounts of this representational momentum effect have emphasized the analogy to physical momentum. This study provides a more general perspective: Position memory is influenced by anticipatory(More)
Within a group of 300 medical students, two characteristics of risk communication in the context of a decision regarding prenatal diagnosis for cystic fibrosis are manipulated: verbal versus numerical probabilities and the negative versus positive framing of the problem (having a child with versus without cystic fibrosis). Independently of the(More)
Recent studies with the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm have revealed that Korsakoff patients show reduced levels of false recognition and different patterns of false recall compared to controls. The present experiment examined whether this could be attributed to an encoding deficit, or rather to problems with explicitly retrieving thematic(More)
In two experiments, implicit false memory was investigated in Korsakoff patients and controls following incidental and intentional encoding in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Participants were asked to think aloud, to investigate whether conscious lure activation occurs equally often in both groups under both types of instructions, and whether(More)
In cognitive psychology, considerable attention has recently been given to studies on risk perception and decision making under uncertainty. The attempt to apply the cognitive frameworks to the genetic counseling setting is a major challenge. After reviewing the relevant literature in cognitive psychology, the aim of our first study was to understand how(More)
Several studies have shown that reliable implicit false memory can be obtained in the DRM paradigm. There has been considerable debate, however, about whether or not conscious activation of critical lures during study is a necessary condition for this. Recent findings have revealed that articulatory suppression prevents subsequent false priming in an(More)
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