Gerwald Jogl

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Bacterial ATP-binding cassette transport systems for high-affinity uptake of zinc and manganese use a cluster 9 solute-binding protein. Structures of four cluster 9 transport proteins have been determined previously. However, the structural determinants for discrimination between zinc and manganese remain under discussion. To further investigate the(More)
The BEACH domain is highly conserved in a large family of eukaryotic proteins, and is crucial for their functions in vesicle trafficking, membrane dynamics and receptor signaling. However, it does not share any sequence homology with other proteins. Here we report the crystal structure at 2.9 A resolution of the BEACH domain of human neurobeachin. It shows(More)
Carnitine acyltransferases have crucial roles in the transport of fatty acids for beta-oxidation. Dysregulation of these enzymes can lead to serious diseases in humans, and they are targets for therapeutic development against diabetes. We report the crystal structures of murine carnitine acetyltransferase (CRAT), alone and in complex with its substrate(More)
Inositol polyphosphates perform essential functions as second messengers in eukaryotic cells, and their cellular levels are regulated by inositol phosphate kinases. Most of these enzymes belong to the inositol phosphate kinase superfamily, which consists of three subgroups, inositol 3-kinases, inositol phosphate multikinases, and inositol hexakisphosphate(More)
Carnitine acyltransferases catalyze the exchange of acyl groups between carnitine and coenzyme A (CoA). These enzymes include carnitine acetyltransferase (CrAT), carnitine octanoyltransferase (CrOT), and carnitine palmitoyltransferases (CPTs). CPT-I and CPT-II are crucial for the beta-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids in the mitochondria by enabling their(More)
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT-II) has a crucial role in the beta-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids in mitochondria. We report here the crystal structure of rat CPT-II at 1.9A resolution. The overall structure shares strong similarity to those of short- and medium-chain carnitine acyltransferases, although detailed structural differences in the(More)
Activation of the p53 tumor suppressor by cellular stress leads to variable responses ranging from growth inhibition to apoptosis. TIGAR is a novel p53-inducible gene that inhibits glycolysis by reducing cellular levels of fructose-2,6-bisphosphate, an activator of glycolysis and inhibitor of gluconeogenesis. Here we describe structural and biochemical(More)
The ribosome decodes mRNA by monitoring the geometry of codon-anticodon base-pairing using a set of universally conserved 16S rRNA nucleotides within the conformationally dynamic decoding site. By applying single-molecule FRET and X-ray crystallography, we have determined that conditional-lethal, streptomycin-dependence mutations in ribosomal protein S12(More)
During protein synthesis, the ribosome selects aminoacyl-transfer RNAs with anticodons matching the messenger RNA codon present in the A site of the small ribosomal subunit. The aminoglycoside antibiotic streptomycin disrupts decoding by binding close to the site of codon recognition. Here we use X-ray crystallography to define the impact of streptomycin on(More)
BACKGROUND Glutamate mutase (Glm) equilibrates (S)-glutamate with (2S,3S)-3-methylaspartate. Catalysis proceeds with the homolytic cleavage of the organometallic bond of the cofactor to yield a 5'-desoxyadenosyl radical. This radical then abstracts a hydrogen atom from the protein-bound substrate to initiate the rearrangement reaction. Glm from Clostridium(More)