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Doxorubicin was modified with five different heterobifunctional reagents to produce drug analogs containing 3'-N-amide or C-13 hydrazone linkage with maleimide. Synthesis and characterization of two new reagents, 4-maleimidobenzohydrazide trifluoroacetate salt (13) and N-(4-maleimidobenzoyl)-6-aminocaprohydrazide trifluoroacetate salt (14) are described(More)
In order to improve the available methods to produce an immunoconjugate the use of longer heterobifunctional cross-linking reagents were investigated. Two new maleimidobenzoyl spacers have been synthesized in a one step process from 4-maleimidobenzoic acid. The new heterobifunctional cross-linking reagents were fully characterized by their IR, 1H NMR, 13C(More)
The intercalation of antitumor drug doxorubicin (DOX) and its analogue N-(trifluoroacetyl) doxorubicin (FDOX) with DNA duplex was investigated, using FTIR, CD, fluorescence spectroscopic methods and molecular modeling. Both DOX and FDOX were intercalated into DNA duplex with the free binding energy of -4.99 kcal for DOX-DNA and -4.92 kcal for FDOX-DNA(More)
A series of benzopyran-based platinum complexes of types 4 and 5 were synthesized as potential anticancer agents. The novel compounds were synthesized in several steps using simple and efficient chemistry. The newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their biological efficacy and showed significant in vitro cytotoxic activity in different(More)
We have recently reported the synthesis of a series of original 17beta-estradiol-linked platinum(II) hybrid molecules. The biological activity of these compounds was evaluated in vitro on estrogen dependent and independent (ER(+) and ER(-)) human uterine and ovarian cancers. The hybrid molecules present higher affinity than that of 17beta-estradiol for the(More)
Breast cancer, a leading cause of mortality in women, warrants the development and biological evaluation of new anticancer agents. A novel series of thiopyridine triazine derivatives was synthesized and investigated in the human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-468. SM40, the most potent derivative, induced a G2/M arrest and apoptosis with a possible(More)
A novel class of platinum(II) complexes of pyridine sulfide derivatives of triazine was synthesized, characterized, and investigated using the human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-468. S-30 was one of the most potent derivatives of its class (IC(50), 0.39 microM) eliciting the greatest biological response. S-30 induced arrest in the G1 phase and apoptosis(More)
We located the binding sites of doxorubicin (DOX) and N-(trifluoroacetyl) doxorubicin (FDOX) with bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumins (HSA) at physiological conditions, using constant protein concentration and various drug contents. FTIR, CD and fluorescence spectroscopic methods as well as molecular modeling were used to analyse drug(More)
A series of estradiol-chlorambucil hybrids was synthesized as anticancer drugs for site-directed chemotherapy of breast cancer. The novel compounds were synthesized in good yields through efficient modifications of estrone at position 16alpha of the steroid nucleus. The newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their anticancer efficacy in different(More)
Amino acids were transformed and coupled to chlorambucil, a well-known chemotherapeutic agent, in an attempt to create new anticancer drugs with selectivity for breast cancer cells. Among the amino acids available, tyrosine was selected to act as an estrogenic ligand. It is hypothesized that tyrosine, which shows some structural similitude with estradiol,(More)