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Liver X receptors (LXRalpha and -beta) are nuclear receptors abundant in the liver where they are regulators of lipid homeostasis. Both LXRs are also expressed in the brain, but their roles in this tissue remain to be clarified. We examined the brains of mice in which the genes of both LXRalpha and -beta have been disrupted and found several severe(More)
Coactivators constitute a diverse group of proteins that are essential for optimal transcriptional activity of nuclear receptors. In the past few years many coactivators have been identified but it is still unclear whether these proteins interact indiscriminately with all nuclear receptors and whether there is some redundancy in their functions. We have(More)
BACKGROUND The nature of some of the target genes for liver X receptors (LXRs)-alpha and -beta, such as sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 and ATP-binding cassette transporter proteins, suggests a pivotal role of these nuclear receptors in the regulation of fatty acid and cholesterol homeostasis. The present study aimed to elucidate the(More)
11Beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD-1) converts inactive corticosteroids into biologically active corticosteroids, thereby regulating the local concentration of active glucocorticoids, such as cortisol. 11beta-HSD-1 is particularly expressed in adipocytes and liver and appears to be causally linked to the development of type 2 diabetes(More)
The nuclear receptor liver X receptor (LXR) alpha, an important regulator of cholesterol and bile acid metabolism, was analyzed after insulin stimulation in liver in vitro and in vivo. A time- and dose-dependent increase in LXRalpha steady-state mRNA level was seen after insulin stimulation of primary rat hepatocytes in culture. A maximal induction of(More)
The liver X receptor (LXR)alpha and -beta has been found to play a central role in maintaining cellular cholesterol homeostasis. In this study we comprehensively investigated the effect of deleting LXRalpha and -beta on testicular morphology and function. In the absence of LXRbeta, excessive cholesterol accumulated in the Sertoli cells from 2.5 months,(More)
Liver X receptor (LXR) alpha and LXRbeta are nuclear oxysterol receptors whose biological function has so far been elucidated only with respect to cholesterol and lipid metabolism. To expose novel biological roles for LXRs, we performed genome-wide gene expression profiling studies in liver and white and brown adipose tissue from wild-type(More)
The Th1/Th2 paradigm has become an important issue in the pathogenesis of asthma, characterized by normal Th1 and elevated Th2 cytokine expression. Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) can produce a Th1 bias, whereas high-level dietary vitamin A can promote a Th2 bias. We used the OVA exposure mouse model to determine the contributions of vitamin A-deficient, control(More)
Metabolic transformation by the superfamily of cytochromes P450 (CYPs) plays an important role in the detoxification of xenobiotics such as drugs, environmental pollutants, and food additives. Endogenous substrates of CYPs include fatty acids, sterols, steroids, and bile acids. Induction of CYPs via transcriptional activation by substrates and other(More)
INTRODUCTION Weight loss reduces co-morbidities of obesity, but decreases bone mass. PURPOSE Our aims were to (1) determine if adequate dairy intake attenuates weight loss-induced bone loss; (2) evaluate the associations of endocrine, inflammatory and bone markers, anthropometric and other parameters to bone mineral density and content (BMD, BMC) pre- and(More)