Gert Wohlfarth

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Tetrachloroethene reductive dehalogenase from the tetrachloroethene-utilizing anaerobe, Dehalospirillum multivorans, was purified approximately 100-fold to apparent homogeneity. The purified dehalogenase catalyzed the reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene (PCE) to trichloroethene and of trichloroethene to cis-1,2-dichloroethene with reduced methyl(More)
The membrane-associated tetrachloroethene reductive dehalogenase from the tetrachloroethene-reducing anaerobe, strain PCE-S, was purified 165-fold to apparent homogeneity in the presence of the detergent Triton X-100. The purified dehalogenase catalyzed the reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene to trichloroethene and of trichloroethene to(More)
Tetrachloroethene reductive dechlorination was studied with cell extracts of a newly isolated, tetrachloroethene-utilizing bacterium, Desulfitobacterium sp. strain PCE-S. Tetrachloroethene dehalogenase mediated the reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene and trichloroethene to cis-1,2-dichloroethene with artificial electron donors such as methyl(More)
The genes encoding tetrachloroethene reductive dehalogenase, a corrinoid-Fe/S protein, of Dehalospirillum multivorans were cloned and sequenced. The pceA gene is upstream of pceB and overlaps it by 4 bp. The presence of a sigma70-like promoter sequence upstream of pceA and of a rho-independent terminator downstream of pceB indicated that both genes are(More)
The determination of enzymatic activities in cell-free extracts of Acidaminococcus fermentans and Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus led to a refined scheme for the pathway of glutamate fermentation via (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate to acetate and butyrate. From the ratio of these products the amount of ATP generated by substrate level phosphorylation was(More)
Tetrachloroethene (PCE) respiration was studied in the tetrachloroethene-utilizing anaerobe,Dehalospirillum multivorans, with respect to localization of the catabolic enzymes, the electron carriers potentially involved in electron transport, and the response to ionophores and specific inhibitors. Hydrogenase and formate dehydrogenase were recovered in the(More)
The membrane-bound 3-chloro-4-hydroxyphenylacetate (Cl-OHPA) reductive dehalogenase from the chlorophenol-reducing anaerobe Desulfitobacterium hafniense was purified 11.3-fold to apparent homogeneity in the presence of the detergent CHAPS. The purified dehalogenase catalyzed the reductive dechlorination of Cl-OHPA to 4-hydroxyphenylacetate with reduced(More)
Several anaerobic bacteria are able to reductively dehalogenate chlorinated hydrocarbons and to couple this reaction to the synthesis of ATP via a chemiosmotic mechanism (dehalorespiration). A few reductive dehalogenases have recently been purified and characterized. Preliminary investigations have been performed to elucidate the mechanism of(More)
An enzyme assay was developed to determine the activities of methyl chloride dehalogenase and O-demethylase of the homoacetogen strain MC. The formation of methyl tetrahydrofolate from tetrahydrofolate and methyl chloride or from tetrahydrofolate and vanillate was coupled to the oxidation of methyl tetrahydrofolate to methylene tetrahydrofolate mediated by(More)
The ether-cleaving O-demethylase isolated from syringate-grown cells of Acetobacterium dehalogenans (formerly named strain MC) consists of four proteins, components A, B, C and D. The enzyme system converts only phenyl methyl ethers with a hydroxyl group in the ortho position to the methoxyl moiety. The presence of a carboxyl group in the aromatic compound(More)