Gert Uves van Zyl

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OBJECTIVES South Africa's national antiretroviral (ARV) treatment program expanded in 2010 to include the nucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors (NRTI) tenofovir (TDF) for adults and abacavir (ABC) for children. We investigated the associated changes in genotypic drug resistance patterns in patients with first-line ARV treatment failure since the(More)
Antiretroviral drug resistance in patients failing non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based first-line combination antiretroviral treatment (ART) is influenced by: regimen choice, HIV-1 subtype, detection of and response to therapy failure. In order to describe resistance patterns by genotypic testing, at the time of first-line ART(More)
BACKGROUND In resource-limited settings, many patients, with no prior protease inhibitor (PI) treatment on a second-line, high genetic barrier, ritonavir-boosted PI-containing regimen have virologic failure. METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional survey to investigate the aetiology of virologic failure in 2 public health antiretroviral clinics in South(More)
There are limited data on transmitted antiretroviral resistance in young children who require antiretroviral therapy. We adapted the World Health Organization surveillance strategy, testing antiretroviral naive infants (<18 months) in the Western Cape Province of South Africa, and detecting only 3 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) and(More)
BACKGROUND The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended guidelines for a HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) survey for resource-limited countries. Eligibility criteria for patients include age below 25 years in order to focus on the prevalence of transmitted HIVDR (tHIVDR) in newly-infected individuals. Most of the participating sites across Africa have so(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the outcomes, clinical management decisions and results of resistance testing among a group of children who developed virologic failure on first-line lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r)-based therapy from a large cohort of antiretroviral therapy-treated children in Soweto. DESIGN Historical cohort study. METHODS Children with virologic(More)
BACKGROUND Next generation sequencing (NGS) allows the detection of minor variant HIV drug resistance mutations (DRMs). However data from new NGS platforms after Prevention-of-Mother-to-Child-Transmission (PMTCT) regimen failure are limited. OBJECTIVE To compare major and minor variant HIV DRMs with Illumina MiSeq and Life Technologies Ion Personal Genome(More)
BACKGROUND In South Africa, first-line antiretroviral therapy for children younger than 3 years of age combines a protease inhibitor (PI) with 2 nucleoside reverse transcription inhibitors. In our study, some pediatric patients received ritonavir (RTV) as single PI (RTV-sPI) and others ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r), which has a higher resistance(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid HIV antibody tests are commonly used for HIV diagnosis in the developing world. These tests are generally reported as sensitive, despite paucity of evaluations in paediatric populations. OBJECTIVES We tested specimens of paediatric patients, known to be HIV-infected, to detect any false negative tests and determine associations with such(More)
In the Western Cape province of South Africa, an intensified regimen for the prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-HIV consisting of zidovudine (AZT) from 34 weeks of pregnancy plus single dose (sd) nevirapine (NVP) during labor was instituted in 2004. The newborn baby receives a single dose of NVP and AZT for 7 days. Similar strategies in Thailand(More)