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OBJECTIVES Isolated, hyperthermic limb perfusion (ILP) with recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rhTNF-alpha) and melphalan is a highly effective treatment for locoregional metastases of malignant melanoma and for advanced soft tissue sarcoma of the limb. The major systemic side effects are characterized by the induction of a systemic inflammatory(More)
The electromyographic (EMG) stretch reflex in the gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior muscles was elicited by passive bending and stretching of the rat's hind foot in the ankle joint. The EMG stretch reflex was increased by pretreatment with reserpine (10 mg/kg ip) which is a model compound commonly used to induce parkinsonian rigidity in laboratory(More)
A deficiency of the dopaminergic transmission in the mesocortical system has been suggested to contribute to cognitive disturbances in Parkinson's disease. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine whether the long-term administration of a commonly used herbicide, paraquat, which has already been found to induce a slowly progressing(More)
The aim of the study was to assess the contribution of central dopaminergic and glutamatergic systems to the age-dependent loss of motor functions in rats. Rats of three age groups were compared: young (3-5-month-old), middle-aged (20-21-month-old) and old (29-31-month-old). The obtained results showed an age-dependent decline in the electromyographic (EMG)(More)
We studied how much of the lysosomal enzyme N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (EC 3.2.1.30) and of the brush-border enzymes alanine aminopeptidase (EC 3.4.11.2), alkaline phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.1), and gamma-glutamyltransferase (EC 2.3.2.2) was excreted in urine over 8 h after a high intake of fluid (22 mL per kilogram of body weight). The hourly excretion of(More)
The urinary brush-border enzymes alanine aminopeptidase (EC 3.4.11.2), alkaline phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.1) and gamma-glutamyltransferase (EC 2.3.2.2) and their activity pattern of soluble and particulate forms separated by ultracentrifugation were investigated over 8 h after a high intake of fluid (22 ml/kg body wt.). The activity pattern of the two multiple(More)
  Rationale: It has recently been suggested that the overactivity of glutamatergic neurotransmission may contribute to the pathophysiology of Parkinson’s disease. Therefore, a search for new compounds which block glutamatergic receptors and show antiparkinsonian properties in animal models of this disease seems to be justified. Objective: The aim of this(More)
The aim of the present study was to find out whether a 6-hydroxydopamine-induced lesion of the substantia nigra in rats would evoke muscular rigidity of the parkinsonian type. Simultaneous measurements of muscle resistance (mechanomyogram) of the hind foot to passive flexion and extension at the ankle joint, as well as of the electromyographic activity of(More)
The aim of the study was to assess the contribution of reflex activity to the regulation of muscle tone in rats. The experiment was carried out on young Wistar male and female rats. The hindfoot of a rat was flexed or extended at the ankle joint by 25 deg over 250 ms. The resistance of the foot to passive movements, as well as the electromyographic (EMG)(More)