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The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 is required for a sustained G(2) arrest after activation of the DNA damage checkpoint. Here we have addressed the mechanism by which p21 can contribute to this arrest in G(2). We show that p21 blocks the activating phosphorylation of Cdc2 on Thr(161). p21 does not interfere with the dephosphorylation of two(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and platelet-derived growth (PDGF) are suggested to be involved in the proliferation of human gliomas. We examined the effects of these growth factors on two human malignant glioma cell lines. Treatment of the A172 glioblastoma and the Hs683 glioma cell line with EGF and PDGF resulted in the tyrosine autophosphorylation, and(More)
Hexokinase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disease with a clinical phenotype of severe hemolysis. We report a novel homozygous missense mutation in exon 15 (c.2039C>G, HK [hexokinase] Utrecht) of HK1, the gene that encodes red blood cell-specific hexokinase-R, in a patient previously diagnosed with hexokinase deficiency. The Thr680Ser substitution(More)
In a patient with nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia, a hexokinase deficiency was detected in the red cells (residual activity about 25% of normal) and in blood platelets (20%-35% of normal activity). Although the total hexokinase activity in lymphocytes was normal, the amount of hexokinase type I was decreased to about 50% of normal. However, the deficiency(More)
Neuron specific enolase (NSE) is widely used as a neuro-endocrine marker. However the presence of NSE in many non-neuroendocrine tissues has raised questions on the specificity of NSE. We have investigated NSE immunoreactivity (NSA-ag), gamma-enolase activity and total enolase activity in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines. During well-controlled(More)
L1210-B73 cells, variants of 1.1210 cells grown in medium containing nanomolar concentrations of folates, express a membrane associated folate binding protein (mFBP) in addition to the classical reduced folate/ methotrexate carrier (RF/MTX-carrier) present in L1210 cells grown in standard high folate medium (G. In this study we used L1210-B73 and(More)
Tyrosine kinase activity was determined in neonatal and adult human brain, oligodendrogliomas, and astrocytomas. The astrocytomas were divided into low- (grade I and grade II) and high-grade (grade III and grade IV) tumors. We measured the tyrosine kinase activity in the cytosolic and membrane fraction using poly(glutamic acid:tyrosine, 4:1) as an(More)
A 23Na NMR assay for measurement of erythrocyte Na+/K+ ATPase activity is presented. Using the nonpermeant shift reagent dysprosium tripolyphosphate the signals of intra- and extracellular sodium are separated, enabling measurement of sodium fluxes nondestructively, without the need to physically separate the cells from their environment. By increasing(More)
Elevation of the gamma-chain of the glycolytic enzyme enolase in the cerebrospinal fluid has previously been reported as a parameter for neuronal damage. The authors evaluated this by measuring gamma-enolase in the CSF of a number of patients with neurological disease known to produce neuronal damage, using a commercial radioimmuno-assay test kit. All(More)