Learn More
Polo-like kinases (PLKs) have an important role in several stages of mitosis. They contribute to the activation of cyclin B/Cdc2 and are involved in centrosome maturation and bipolar spindle formation at the onset of mitosis. PLKs also control mitotic exit by regulating the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) and have been implicated in the temporal and(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 is required for a sustained G(2) arrest after activation of the DNA damage checkpoint. Here we have addressed the mechanism by which p21 can contribute to this arrest in G(2). We show that p21 blocks the activating phosphorylation of Cdc2 on Thr(161). p21 does not interfere with the dephosphorylation of two(More)
Wnt mediated signal transduction is considered to regulate activity of target genes. In Xenopus embryos, ectopic Wnt1 and Wnt8 expression induces gap-junctional communication. During murine brain formation, Wnt1 and the gap-junctional protein connexin43 (Cx43) are co-expressed at the mid/hindbrain border, while interference with Wnt1 or Cx43 expression(More)
p21waf1 has been shown to mediate the p53-dependent growth arrest induced by DNA-damaging agents. Several functions have been ascribed to p21waf1 that could be involved in this growth arrest. For one, p21waf1 is an efficient inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). Also, p21waf1 can interact with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and as such(More)
Overexpression of EGFR and c-erbB2 frequently occurs in human breast cancers, correlating with poor prognosis. Here we show that overexpression of EGFR and c-erbB2 in cell lines increases cell migration, an important step in metastasis formation. The effect of EGFR on migration is dependent on the addition of EGF to the cells. In contrast, c-erbB2 seems to(More)
Lithium can interfere with embryonal development in a variety of organisms. We investigated the effect of lithium on the proliferation of early embryonal cells. [3H]Thymidine incorporation of non-committed mouse P19 embryonal carcinoma cells was inhibited by lithium treatment. Similar effects were seen in a variety of other cells. This growth inhibition(More)
N10-Propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (CB3717) and 2-desamino-2-methyl-N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (ICI-198,583) are potent folate-based inhibitors of thymidylate synthase. We studied the membrane transport and the growth-inhibitory effects of the two thymidylate synthase inhibitors on human CCRF-CEM leukemia cells with different transport properties(More)
5,10-Dideazatetrahydrofolic acid (DDATHF) is a potent inhibitor of glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase, one of the folate-dependent key enzymes in de novo purine biosynthesis. The present report demonstrates that multiple membrane-transport routes may be involved in the cellular uptake of DDATHF. These routes include the classic reduced folate carrier(More)
In human breast cancer, c-Src activity is elevated compared to normal breast tissue. It is not yet known whether this increase in c-Src activity is accompanied by an increase in c-Src protein expression. In this study, c-Src activity and protein expression were determined in a series of human breast cancers and in normal breast tissue, using immune complex(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation is an important regulatory mechanism in response to the action of growth factors and oncogenes. Since many oncogenes code for tyrosine kinases, increased or altered oncogene expression may be reflected in increased tyrosine kinase activity. In a recent study (Hennipman et al., Cancer Res., 49: 516-521, 1989), we found that the(More)