Gert Ragnarsson

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Ethanol intake can lead to an unexpected and possibly problematic increase in the bioavailability of druglike compounds. In this work we investigated the effect of ethanol on the apparent solubility and dissolution rate of poorly soluble compounds in simulated intestinal fluid representing a preprandial state. A series of 22 structurally diverse, poorly(More)
A new controlled-release (CR) formulation of the β1-selective adrenoceptor antagonist metoprolol1 has been developed, aiming at an even 24-h pharmacological effect. In order to achieve this, using a once-daily dose, factors such as absorption characteristics, physicochemical properties, and technological aspects had to be considered. The new formulation,(More)
Series of tablets were compressed in a reciprocating tablet machine with a gradually increasing die wall friction. The force needed on the upper punch to maintain the tablet dimensions constant increased with the die wall friction while the lower punch force decreased. The change in punch forces due to differences in die wall friction had no effect on the(More)
Polymer-coated pellets with different coating thicknesses have been studied regarding coating morphology and drug release properties with atomic force microscopy (AFM) and confocal Raman microscopy. The results were compared with those from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and drug release profiles, which have been measured previously for these systems(More)
A new mechanistic model of drug release during the lag phase from coated pellets undergoing cracking in the coating due to the hydrostatic pressure built up inside the pellet has been developed. The model describes dynamically all the main release processes occurring during the lag phase in pellets coated with a semi-permeable membrane, i.e. the influx of(More)
In this paper we analyse how the biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) has been used to date. A survey of the literature resulted in a compilation of 242 compounds for which BCS classes were reported. Of these, 183 compounds had been reported to belong to one specific BCS class whereas 59 compounds had been assigned to multiple BCS classes in(More)
The influence of particle interaction, i.e. friction and bonding, on the net work (NETW) during compaction and on Heckel plots was tested by varying the particle size, the lubrication or the moisture content. The NETW was found to be significantly affected by particle interaction. The yield pressure, calculated from Heckel plots, was far less dependent on(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a simple experimental methodology and to develop a mechanistic model to characterize the release mechanism from pellets developing cracks during the release process with special focus on osmotic effects. The release of remoxipride from pellets coated with an ethyl cellulose film was chosen as a case study. Dose release(More)
The effect of the blend ratio of water-insoluble ethyl cellulose (EC) and water-soluble hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC-LF), on the properties of sprayed films and on the drug release mechanism of formulations coated with the material was investigated. When the original HPC-LF content exceeded 22%, both the amount of HPC-LF leached out and the water(More)