Gert Pfurtscheller

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The development of an electroencephalograph (EEG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) requires rapid and reliable discrimination of EEG patterns, e.g., associated with imaginary movement. One-sided hand movement imagination results in EEG changes located at contra- and ipsilateral central areas. We demonstrate that spatial filters for multichannel EEG(More)
An internally or externally paced event results not only in the generation of an event-related potential (ERP) but also in a change in the ongoing EEG/MEG in form of an event-related desynchronization (ERD) or event-related synchronization (ERS). The ERP on the one side and the ERD/ERS on the other side are different responses of neuronal structures in the(More)
A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a system that allows its users to control external devices with brain activity. Although the proof-of-concept was given decades ago, the reliable translation of user intent into device control commands is still a major challenge. Success requires the effective interaction of two adaptive controllers: the user's brain,(More)
Interest in developing a new method of man-to-machine communication--a brain-computer interface (BCI)--has grown steadily over the past few decades. BCIs create a new communication channel between the brain and an output device by bypassing conventional motor output pathways of nerves and muscles. These systems use signals recorded from the scalp, the(More)
We devised spatial filters for multi-channel EEG that lead to signals which discriminate optimally between two conditions. We demonstrate the effectiveness of this method by classifying single-trial EEGs, recorded during preparation for movements of the left or right index finger or the right foot. The classification rates for 3 subjects were 94, 90 and(More)
Oscillations in the alpha and beta bands can display either an event-related blocking response or an event-related amplitude enhancement. The former is named event-related desynchronization (ERD) and the latter event-related synchronization (ERS). Examples of ERS are localized alpha enhancements in the awake state as well as sigma spindles in sleep and(More)
We studied the reactivity of EEG rhythms (mu rhythms) in association with the imagination of right hand, left hand, foot, and tongue movement with 60 EEG electrodes in nine able-bodied subjects. During hand motor imagery, the hand mu rhythm blocked or desynchronized in all subjects, whereas an enhancement of the hand area mu rhythm was observed during foot(More)
OBJECTIVE A fully automated method for reducing EOG artifacts is presented and validated. METHODS The correction method is based on regression analysis and was applied to 18 recordings with 22 channels and approx. 6 min each. Two independent experts scored the original and corrected EEG in a blinded evaluation. RESULTS The expert scorers identified in(More)
Post-movement beta (around 20 Hz) synchronization was investigated in 2 experiments with self-paced finger extension and flexion and externally paced wrist movement. The electrodes were fixed over the sensorimotor area in distances of 2.5 cm. It was found that after a brisk finger movement the desynchronized beta rhythm displayed a fast recovery and a(More)
Changes in the background EEG activity occurring at the same time as visual and auditory evoked potentials, as well as during the interstimulus interval in a CNV paradigm were analysed in human subjects, using serial power measurements of overlapping EEG segments. The analysis was focused on the power of the rhythmic activity within the alpha band (RAAB(More)