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A relationship between zinc (Zn)-deficiency and mood disorders has been suspected. Here we examined for the first time whether experimentally-induced Zn-deficiency in mice would alter depression- and anxiety-related behaviour assessed in established tests and whether these alterations would be sensitive to antidepressant treatment. Mice receiving a(More)
Failure of oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) differentiation contributes significantly to failed myelin sheath regeneration (remyelination) in chronic demyelinating diseases. Although the reasons for this failure are not completely understood, several lines of evidence point to factors present following demyelination that specifically inhibit(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) plays a role in a series of neurobiological functions, underlying behavior and memory. The functional role of nNOS derived NO in cognitive functions, however, is elusive. We decided to study cognitive functions in the Morris water maze (MWM) and the multiple T-maze (MTM) in 3-month-old male nNOS-knock-out mice (nNOS KO). To study the(More)
Immune cells are somewhat unique in that activation responses can alter quantitative phenotypes upwards of 100,000-fold. To date little is known about the metabolic adaptations necessary to mount such dramatic phenotypic shifts. Screening for novel regulators of macrophage activation, we found nonprotein kinases of glucose metabolism among the most enriched(More)
The effects of perinatal asphyxia on levels of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites, amino acids and glycolysis products, measured in tissue samples from substantia nigra (SN), striatum, ventral tegmental area (VTA), and nucleus accumbens (Acb), were studied 80 min to 8 days after birth with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Furthermore,(More)
Voltage-dependent anion-selective channel proteins (VDACs) are pore-forming proteins found in the other mitochondrial membrane of all eukaryotes and in brain postsynaptic membranes. VDACs regulate anion fluxes of a series of metabolites including ATP, thus regulating mitochondrial metabolic functions. We determined protein levels of VDACs in individual(More)
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common human chromosomal abnormality caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21. The phenotype of DS is thought to result from overexpression of a gene or genes located on the triplicated chromosome or chromosome region. Several reports have shown that the neuropathology of DS comprises developmental abnormalities and(More)
BACKGROUND In the immature developing fetal brain, amino acids (such as gamma-aminobutyric acid, and taurine) and monoamines (serotonin, noradrenaline, and dopamine) act as developmental signals or regulators. In subjects with Down syndrome, dysfunctional brain development is evident from birth as reduction in brain weight, as well as volume reductions in(More)
BACKGROUND Various groups have been addressing the question of whether perinatal asphyxia (PA) affects the behavior of young animals, but no information is available on long-term effects of PA on the behavior in aged rats, although it has been postulated that PA may lead to neurological and psychiatric deficits in adult life. OBJECTIVE We, therefore,(More)
Nitric oxide is implicated in modulation of memory and pharmacological as well as genetic inhibition of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) leads to impaired cognitive function. We therefore decided to study learning and memory functions and cognitive flexibility in the Morris water maze (MWM) in 1-month-old male mice lacking nNOS (nNOS KO). Hippocampal(More)