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The role of extracellular K+ concentration in the propagation velocity of action potential was tested in isolated rat skeletal muscles. Different K+ concentrations were produced by KCl additions to extracellular solution. Action potentials were measured extracellularly by means of two annular platinum electrodes. Fibre bundles of m. soleus (SOL), m.(More)
Pulse transit time (PTT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV), respectively, were shown to have a correlation with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and have been reported to be suitable for indirect BP measurements. The aim of this study was to create a function between SBP and PWV, and to test its reliability for the determination of absolute SBP using a non-linear(More)
Maximum twitch and tetanic tension development, time to peak, and half relaxation time were studied on isolated frog sartorius muscles stimulated directly in Ringer's solution at different temperatures. Cooling from 20 degrees C to 10 degrees C decreased the tetanic tension (Q10 = 1.3-1.4). At temperatures above 25 (30) degrees C the tension output was(More)
The effect of a wide range of temperature on the development of twitch and tetanic tension was investigated in directly stimulated rat fast (EDL) and slow (SOL) twitch muscle preparations. When increasing the temperature from 6 to 30 degrees C the maximum tetanic tension rose steadily. The Q10 was 2.3 (EDL) and 2.7 (SOL) for temperatures between 12 and 22(More)
Octanol (1 mM) or octanoate (10 mM) almost totally depress the contraction amplitude of directly stimulated muscles in a few minutes. Octanoate in a concentration of 2 mM/l decreases the contraction amplitude by 20% and retards the caffeine contracture. The ratio between twitch and tetanus is affected by octanol only. The results suggest that octanol and(More)
1. Na-octanoate (in Ringer's solution) affects the membrane resistance of isolated frog skeletal muscle fibres in a biphasic way. Initially there is an increase followed by a more slowly developing decrease. The effect depends on both the concentration of the fatty acid (1-20 mM) and the time of exposure (2-20 min). 2. In muscles exposed either to isotonic(More)
In a model work place (hand-grip dynamometer), eleven subjects performed rhythmical hand-grip contractions to exhaustion (frequency 30/min). In each working cycle the contraction and rest phases were distinguished. The work to exhaustion was repeated four times (four working periods with 156-min rest intervals). The tests were performed at 40, 60, 80, 100%(More)
An actigraph extended with electroencephalography (EEG), electroocculography (EOG) and electromyography (EMG) was compared to polysomnography in two studies on patients suffering from sleep disordered breathing. Study A with 30 subjects used a single lead EEG, and study B with 20 subjects used EOG and EMG in addition. Sleep was scored according to(More)
A combined sensor supplying momentary values of respiratory functions (flow, PO2, and temperature) for calculation of oxygen intake is tested in simulated respiration. Signal conditioning reduces the errors caused by the influence of CO2 on the sensitivity of the oxygen electrode, by the electrode response and time lag. Oxygen intake of 0.38 and 1.49(More)