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BACKGROUND In current international guidelines, intraaortic balloon counterpulsation is considered to be a class I treatment for cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. However, evidence is based mainly on registry data, and there is a paucity of randomized clinical trials. METHODS In this randomized, prospective, open-label,(More)
UNLABELLED Circadian Profile of Heart Rate Variability. INTRODUCTION Although heart rate variability (HRV) has been established as a tool to study cardiac autonomic activity, almost no data are available on the circadian patterns of HRV in healthy subjects aged 20 to 70 years. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated 166 healthy volunteers (81 women and 85(More)
Increased sympathetic activity has been documented in patients during acute myocardial infarction. Clinical and experimental studies have suggested that this increased sympatho-adrenergic activation may contribute to the development of lethal ventricular arrhythmias in the ischemic heart. In acute myocardial ischemia, adrenergic stimulation of the ischemic(More)
AIMS Treatment of elderly symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis and co-morbidities is challenging. Transcatheter aortic valve interventions [balloon valvuloplasty and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)] are evolving as alternative treatment options to surgical valve replacement. We report the first results of the prospective(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of aortic regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND TAVI has been associated with a high rate of paravalvular regurgitation, usually mild. Nevertheless, moderate to severe regurgitations still occur and may have negative clinical consequences. (More)
The release of endogenous noradrenaline and its deaminated metabolite dihydroxyphenylglycol in the myocardium have been studied in the isolated perfused heart of the rat subjected to three models of energy depletion: ischemia, anoxia, and cyanide intoxication. Anoxia and cyanide intoxication were combined with substrate deficiency at constant perfusion(More)
BACKGROUND In current international guidelines the recommendation for intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) use has been downgraded in cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction on the basis of registry data. In the largest randomised trial (IABP-SHOCK II), IABP support did not reduce 30 day mortality compared with control. However, previous(More)
BACKGROUND In animal models of myocardial infarction (MI), inflammatory responses compromise microcirculation during reperfusion and restrict functional recovery. To investigate cardiac inflammatory responses in patients with acute MI, we examined the cardiac release of cytokines, the expression on neutrophils of the beta 2-integrin Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) and(More)
IMPORTANCE Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an effective treatment option for high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. Different from surgery, transcatheter deployment of valves requires either a balloon-expandable or self-expandable system. A randomized comparison of these 2 systems has not been performed. OBJECTIVE To determine(More)
The prospective multicenter German Drug-Eluting Stent (DES.DE) registry is an observational study to analyze and evaluate the therapeutic principle of the differential drug-eluting stents (sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting stents) and bare metal stents under real world conditions in the context of the German healthcare system. The baseline clinical and(More)