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OBJECTIVE Tinnitus is a distressing symptom for which few treatments exist. It leads to an important decrease in quality of life in 2 to 3% of the population. Tinnitus is considered a phantom sound, the result of cortical reorganization. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive method to modulate cortical reorganization and has been shown to(More)
Tinnitus is a distressing symptom that affects up to 15% of the population for whom no satisfactory treatment exists. The authors present a novel surgical approach for the treatment of intractable tinnitus, based on cortical stimulation of the auditory cortex. Tinnitus can be considered an auditory phantom phenomenon similar to deafferentation pain, which(More)
The efficacy of electrical stimulation of the auditory cortex using extradural implanted electrodes for treatment of tinnitus was studied in 12 patients suffering tinnitus. The effect of similar stimulation of the somatosensory cortex for treatment of neuropathic pain was studied in five patients. It was shown that patients with pure tone type of tinnitus(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent research suggests tinnitus is a phantom phenomenon based on hyperactivity of the auditory system, which can be visualized by functional neuroimaging, and transiently modulated by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). We present the results of the first implanted electrodes on the primary and secondary auditory cortex after a(More)
Functional neuroimaging has demonstrated that a relationship exists between the intensity of deafferentation pain and the degree of deafferentation-related reorganization of the primary somatosensory cortex. It has also revealed that this cortical reorganization can be reversed after the attenuation of pain. Deafferentation pain is also associated with(More)
Functional imaging techniques have demonstrated a relationship between the intensity of tinnitus and the degree of reorganization of the primary auditory cortex. Studies in experimental animals and humans have revealed that tinnitus is associated with a synchronized hyperactivity in the auditory cortex and proposed that the underlying pathophysiological(More)
BACKGROUND Microvascular compressions of the cochlear nerve can lead to hearing loss. Due to the tonotopic organization of the cochlear nerve any focal compression of the cochlear nerve will result in a frequency specific hearing loss. Decompressing the cochlear nerve could result in a frequency specific hearing improvement, without improving overall(More)
One the drawbacks of the dorsal column stimulation (DCS) method is that the electrode array and the subsequent electrical stimulation induce proliferation of connective tissue between the array and the dura. In this case report, a patient is presented in whom dural thickening after placement of a DCS electrode array at the C2-C3 level prevented sufficient(More)
Advanced forms of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) or Forestier's disease can induce dysphagia and significant respiratory symptoms such as hoarseness, dys-pnea, snoring and laryngeal stridor. Severe respiratory distress is very rare [1]. We report an unusual presentation of this disorder in a patient with Down syndrome. A 50-year-old male(More)