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RATIONALE Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology; its epidemiology in the United States has not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE To estimate the annual incidence and prevalence of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in the United States. METHODS Retrospective cohort design utilizing a large health care(More)
Using data from the 2000-2004 US Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample, we found that total hospital admissions for skin and soft tissue infections increased by 29% during 2000-2004; admissions for pneumonia were largely unchanged. These results are consistent with recent reported increases in community-associated(More)
We describe the design of a multicenter, randomized clinical trial to compare clinical, quality-of-life, and economic outcomes in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who were treated with risperidone or any of 13 conventional antipsychotic drugs approved for use in the United States. This 1-year trial was designed to approximate(More)
OBJECTIVE Characteristics of patients receiving antidepressant therapy were examined to identify factors that may be associated with a medical-offset effect. METHOD In a retrospective study, the authors analyzed claims data from a large health insurer in New England. The study subjects included 1,661 persons initiating treatment for depression with(More)
PURPOSE To examine the characteristics and healthcare costs of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) patients in clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using a US health-insurance database, we identified all patients, aged > or = 18 years, with any healthcare encounters for FMS (ICD-9-CM diagnosis code 729.1) in each year of the 3-year period, 1 July 2002 to 30(More)
This study was undertaken to explore the perceived impact of having a seizure (SZ) compared with having an adverse effect (AE). Patients (N=201) with partial-onset epilepsy taking two or more antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) rated their health state from 0 to100 based on their health today, hypothetical health if experiencing a SZ today, and hypothetical health(More)
BACKGROUND Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and benzodiazepine anxiolytics are used in the US to treat generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). While benzodiazepines typically provide rapid symptomatic relief, long-term use is not recommended due to risks of dependency, sedation, falls, and accidents. (More)
BACKGROUND Clinical characteristics and patterns of healthcare utilization in patients with painful neuropathic disorders (PNDs) who are under the care of general practitioners (GPs) in the UK are not well understood. METHODS Using a large electronic UK database, we identified all adults (age ≥ 18 years) with any GP encounters between 1 January 2006-31(More)
BACKGROUND The economic costs of treating patients with metastatic breast cancer have been examined in several studies, but available estimates of economic burden are at least a decade old. In this study, we characterize healthcare utilization and costs in the US among women with metastatic breast cancer receiving chemotherapy as their principal treatment(More)
Despite evidence that prophylaxis against deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) is effective, a large proportion of general surgical patients receive no prophylaxis. To determine the extent to which various prophylactic methods reduce the incidence of postoperative DVT, data from randomised controlled trials of these methods were combined by means of meta-analysis.(More)