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Organotypic hippocampal cultures were used to study cell degeneration during the recovery period after defined periods (30 and 60 min) of combined oxygen/glucose deprivation mimicking transient ischemic conditions. Staining with the fluorescent dye propidium iodide allowed detection of damaged cells. Fluorescence intensity was measured by an image analysis(More)
A hormonally defined medium is described which facilitates the survival of small neurons in primary cultures of mouse cerebellum. The defined medium consists of bovine serum albumin, insulin, transferrin, selenium, thyroxine, and the protease inhibitor aprotinin. About 95% of all cells were identified as neurons using tetanus toxin as a marker in an(More)
To probe for the role of the L1 cell surface glycoprotein during neurite outgrowth and fasciculation in the early postnatal mouse cerebellar cortex, a microexplant culture system was used. Fasciculation of neurites was reduced in the presence of antigen-binding fragments (Fab) of poly- and monoclonal L1 antibodies, as compared to untreated controls. In(More)
Rat embryonic hippocampal neurons cultured on astrocyte feeder-layers were sensitive to different excitotoxic stimuli after 10-12 DIV. Almost all neurons (approximately 95%) died within 20 h after a transient exposure for 10 min to 50 microM glutamate, a continuous exposure to either 25 microM NMDA or 250 microM kainate or after a 15-min deprivation of(More)
Monoclonal M6 antibody binds to the surface of murine central nervous system neurons as well as to apical surfaces of epithelial cells in the choroid plexus and proximal tubules of the kidney. M6 antigen is expressed in the central nervous system as early as embryonic day 10, most strongly in the marginal zone of the neural tube, and remains detectable in(More)
In serum-free monolayer cultures of early postnatal weaver (wv/wv) cerebellum granule neurons show decreased attachment, survival and neurite outgrowth when compared to wild-type (+/+) littermate cultures. wv/wv Astrocytes display a more epithelioid morphology and altered proliferation. However, both morphology and proliferation of wv/wv astrocytes were(More)
We investigated whether the L2/HNK-1 carbohydrate epitope, expressed by two unusual glycolipids and several neural adhesion molecules, including L1, neural cell adhesion molecule, J1, and the myelin-associated glycoprotein, is involved in adhesion. Monoclonal L2 antibodies, the L2/HNK-1-reactive, sulfate-3-glucuronyl residue carrying glycolipids (L2(More)
  • G Fischer
  • 1984
A chemically defined serum-free medium is described that has been optimized for the selective growth of immature astrocytes starting from early postnatal mouse cerebellar cultures. The medium is a modification of one described recently [Fischer et al, 1982] and consists of epidermal growth factor (EGF, 10 nM), transferrin (10 micrograms/ml), insulin (10(More)
Total and individual glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were determined in rat cerebellum in tissue explants at various postnatal ages. The major constituents of GAGs were chondroitin sulfate (CS), hyaluronic acid (HA), and heparan sulfate (HS). Dermatan sulfate (DS) and keratan sulfate (KS) could not be detected and therefore each amounts to less than 5% of all(More)