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A hormonally defined medium is described which facilitates the survival of small neurons in primary cultures of mouse cerebellum. The defined medium consists of bovine serum albumin, insulin, transferrin, selenium, thyroxine, and the protease inhibitor aprotinin. About 95% of all cells were identified as neurons using tetanus toxin as a marker in an(More)
Organotypic hippocampal cultures were used to study cell degeneration during the recovery period after defined periods (30 and 60 min) of combined oxygen/glucose deprivation mimicking transient ischemic conditions. Staining with the fluorescent dye propidium iodide allowed detection of damaged cells. Fluorescence intensity was measured by an image analysis(More)
Monoclonal M6 antibody binds to the surface of murine central nervous system neurons as well as to apical surfaces of epithelial cells in the choroid plexus and proximal tubules of the kidney. M6 antigen is expressed in the central nervous system as early as embryonic day 10, most strongly in the marginal zone of the neural tube, and remains detectable in(More)
We investigated whether the L2/HNK-1 carbohydrate epitope, expressed by two unusual glycolipids and several neural adhesion molecules, including L1, neural cell adhesion molecule, J1, and the myelin-associated glycoprotein, is involved in adhesion. Monoclonal L2 antibodies, the L2/HNK-1-reactive, sulfate-3-glucuronyl residue carrying glycolipids (L2(More)
The formation of functional gap junctions between astrocytes was investigated during differentiation of these cells in culture. Precursor cells of GFA (glial fibrillary acidic) protein-positive astrocytes were cultured in a chemically defined medium as a homogeneous population. These cells were rarely coupled to one neighbour, as revealed by electrical and(More)
  • G Fischer
  • 1984
A chemically defined serum-free medium is described that has been optimized for the selective growth of immature astrocytes starting from early postnatal mouse cerebellar cultures. The medium is a modification of one described recently [Fischer et al, 1982] and consists of epidermal growth factor (EGF, 10 nM), transferrin (10 micrograms/ml), insulin (10(More)
Organotypic hippocampal cultures were exposed to defined periods (30 and 60 min) of combined oxygen and glucose deprivation, mimicking transient ischemic conditions. The involvement of different glutamate receptors in individual hippocampal subfields (CA1, CA3 and dentate gyrus) was studied using antagonists of NMDA (dizocilpine) and AMPA/kainate receptors(More)
A hormonally defined culture medium is described which supports survival and proliferation of astroglia from primary cultures of early postnatal mouse cerebellum. This medium consists of bovine serum albumin, insulin, transferrin, selenium, hyaluronic acid, protease inhibitor aprotinin, and epidermal growth factor. Trypsin-dissociated single cerebellar cell(More)
Rat embryonic hippocampal neurons cultured on astrocyte feeder-layers were sensitive to different excitotoxic stimuli after 10-12 DIV. Almost all neurons (approximately 95%) died within 20 h after a transient exposure for 10 min to 50 microM glutamate, a continuous exposure to either 25 microM NMDA or 250 microM kainate or after a 15-min deprivation of(More)
When explants or reaggregates of small neurons from early postnatal mouse cerebella are plated on a mixture of laminin and poly-D-lysine, one observes small cells with an orientation of processes largely perpendicular to the direction of granule cell neurites after several days. These cells first have a bipolar morphology and then elaborate a rich dendritic(More)