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A program was implemented to increase the manual signing of five profoundly retarded and four autistic youth within their daily environment. Each participant was nonvocal or minimally vocal. The program was based on modified incidental teaching strategies and was implemented by direct care personnel under supervision in an institutional setting. Specific(More)
We evaluated the direct and generalized effects of cues-pause-point language training procedures on immediate echolalia and correct responding in two severely retarded females. Two experiments were conducted with each subject in which the overall goal was to encourage them to remain quiet before, during, and briefly after the presentation of questions and(More)
This study evaluated a program to teach and maintain language training interactions between institutional staff and profoundly handicapped children during a routine care task. Following baseline observations of bath sessions, staff were sequentially taught in multiple baseline fashion to vocalize more during the bath, praise child vocalizations, imitate(More)
A long-term follow-up of echolalia and correct question answering was conducted for 6 subjects from three previously published studies. The follow-up periods ranged from 26 to 57 months. In a training site follow-up, subjects were exposed to baseline/posttraining conditions in which the original trainer and/or a novel person(s) presented trained and(More)
A strategy for systematically discontinuing aversive treatment components is illustrated with a 52-month follow-up of the treatment of severe aggression by an institutionalized, dually diagnosed deaf male. Phase 1 lasted 28 months and included: (a) contingent electric shock, (b) a high density positive reinforcement, (c) compliance training, (d) transfer of(More)
An 8-year follow-up of the maintenance of social skills training effects was conducted. Nine subjects from previously published studies that targeted general/social, social/vocational, and social/sexual skills were retested in role play or interview/simulation generalization assessments. The follow-up tests revealed that 5 subjects' correct responding was(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of video self-modelling plus prompting and feedback to teach a cooking skill to people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to examine skill generalization to a novel food item. RESEARCH DESIGN Multiple probe across participants. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Four individuals with TBI received instruction in cooking.(More)
We taught three mentally handicapped students to answer questions with verbal labels and evaluated the generalized effects of this training on their maladaptive speech (e.g., echolalia) and correct responding to untrained questions. The students received cues-pause-point training on an initial question set followed by generalization assessments on a(More)
The following paper will detail demographic information about alcohol and substance abuse issues in the acquired brain injury (ABI) population. Included in such a review will be a systematic presentation of the current data on the incidence of such issues as well as a comprehensive treatment model with outcome data provided. Pre- and post-test measures of(More)
This paper investigated ways to increase the participation of direct care staff in the functional rehabilitation activities (FRAs) of adults with acquired brain injuries (ABIs). FRAs were rehabilitation agendas written by clinical staff for delivery by paraprofessionals. Increases in FRA completion were believed to be directly related to clinical success.(More)
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