Gerry A. F. Nicolaes

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Human coagulation factor V (FV) is an essential coagulation protein with functions in both the pro- and anticoagulant pathways. Failure to express and control FV functions can either lead to bleeding, or to thromboembolic disease. Both events may develop into a life-threatening condition. Since the first description of APC resistance, and in particular the(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown that women who use third-generation oral contraceptives (OC) containing desogestrel, gestodene or norgestimate have a higher risk of venous thrombosis than women who use second-generation OC containing levonorgestrel. It is also known that a mutation in factor V (factor V(Leiden)), which results in resistance to activated(More)
Mitochondrial complex I deficiency is the most common oxidative phosphorylation defect. Mutations have been detected in mitochondrial and nuclear genes, but the genetics of many patients remain unresolved and new genes are probably involved. In a consanguineous family, patients presented easy fatigability, exercise intolerance and lactic acidosis in blood(More)
BACKGROUND We have reported previously that, compared with use of second-generation oral contraceptives, the use of third-generation oral contraceptives is associated with increased resistance to the anticoagulant action of activated protein C (APC). Owing to the cross-sectional design of that study, these observations may have been subject to unknown bias(More)
Factor V was purified from the plasma of an activated protein C (APC)-resistant patient who is homozygous for the mutation Arg506-->Gln (factor VR506Q). Factor VR506Q was converted by thrombin into factor Va which was further purified yielding a factor Va preparation that had the same cofactor activity in prothrombin activation as normal factor Va.(More)
BACKGROUND Isoelectric focusing (IEF) of alpha(1)-proteinase inhibitor (A1PI) shows that commercial products and plasma have different glycoisoform band patterns. Those in Aralast (Grifols Biologicals) reflect an anodal shift of glycoisoforms, which has caused concern. The protein, including glycoproteomic analyses, and structural features of A1PI products(More)
In this paper we describe the effect of activated protein C (APC) on thrombin generation initiated in platelet-poor plasma via the extrinsic or the intrinsic pathway. Thrombin was determined with a specific chromogenic substrate and quantitated by calculating the time integral of the thrombin generation curve, i.e. the endogenous thrombin potential (ETP).(More)
The integrity of the vascular system is of prime importance for survival. Therefore, several emergency and repair systems safeguard the circulatory system. Multiple processes jointly limit vascular damage and blood loss. In this article, the authors focus on the protein C anticoagulant pathway and the role of activated protein C resistance in thrombotic(More)
Inactivation of membrane-bound factor Va by activated protein C (APC) proceeds via a biphasic reaction that consists of a rapid and a slow phase, which are associated with cleavages at Arg506 and Arg306 of the heavy chain of factor Va, respectively. We have investigated the effects of protein S and factor Xa on APC-catalyzed factor Va inactivation. Protein(More)
Activated protein C (APC) resistance is a major risk factor for venous thrombosis. Factor V (FV) gene mutations like FV(Leiden) (R506Q) and FV(R2) (H1299R) may cause APC resistance either by reducing the susceptibility of FVa to APC-mediated inactivation or by interfering with the cofactor activity of FV in APC-catalyzed FVIIIa inactivation. We quantified(More)