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To study the physiologic basis of variability of physical performance in the laboratory, ten male subjects were studied once a week, during a 9-12 month period. Previously, the reference maximal work load attained (Wref) was determined in each subject. The test protocol of the actual study was based on the individual Wref and started at 70% Wref for 5 min(More)
Simultaneous analyses of glycogen in sections with other subcellular constituents within the same section will provide detailed information on glycogen deposition and the processes involved. To date, staining protocols for quantitative glycogen analyses together with immunofluorescence in the same section are lacking. We aimed to: (1) optimise PAS staining(More)
GLUT-4 plays a predominant role in glucose uptake during muscle contraction. In the present study, we have investigated in mice whether disruption of the GLUT-4 gene affects isometric and shortening contractile performance of the dorsal flexor muscle complex in situ. Moreover, we have explored the hypothesis that lack of GLUT-4 enhances muscle fatigability.(More)
We have studied the effect of exercise on the percentage of free plasma estradiol 17-beta (E2) and testosterone (T) in 13 untrained (UT) and 8 trained (marathon runners, MR) eumenorrheic women. All women performed a standardized bicycle ergometer (UT) or treadmill (MR) test in the follicular and luteal phases of their menstrual cycles (15-min consecutive(More)
To search for morphological changes in muscle, related to overuse syndromes of muscle due to exercise, groups of untrained rats ran on a treadmill for 1 h at submaximal intensity. Each group was sacrificed at a different interval after the end of the exercise. To evaluate the physiologic load, the colonic temperature and blood lactate level were determined.(More)
Recent evidence suggests that intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) accretion is associated with obesity and the development of insulin resistance and/or type 2 diabetes. However, trained endurance athletes are markedly insulin sensitive, despite an elevated mixed muscle lipid content. In an effort to explain this metabolic paradox, we compared muscle fiber(More)
We investigated the temporal effects of sepsis on muscle wasting and function in order to study the contribution of wasting to the decline in muscle function; we also studied the fiber-type specificity of this muscle wasting. Sepsis was induced by injecting rats intraperitoneally with a zymosan suspension. At 2 h and at 2, 6, and 11 days after injection,(More)
We studied the role of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in rat skeletal muscle during sepsis and subsequent recovery. Sepsis was induced with intraperitoneal zymosan injections. This model allows one to study a sustained and reversible catabolic phase and mimics the events that prevail in septic and subsequently recovering patients. In addition, the role of(More)
A single-subject experimental design was used to obtain some preliminary findings on the plasma responses of catecholestrogens (CE) to acute exercise and brief, but exhaustive training on a cycle ergometer. One previously untrained eumenorrheic female (body fat: 26% VO2max: 43.3 ml x kg(-1) x min[-1]) participated in this study. Resting CE levels were for(More)
We have investigated the effect of a 3-month endurance training program (running and cycling) on plasma hormone responses during standardized bicycle ergometer work (15-min consecutive work loads of 60%, 70%, 80%, and eventually 90% VO2 max) in eight previously untrained eumenorrheic women. The subjects were investigated before and after training both in(More)