Gerrit Weber

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We evaluated an ex vivo photodepletion (PD) technique to selectively deplete graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) alloreacting T cells given to 24 human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling stem cell transplantation (SCT) recipients. Donor lymphocytes were activated by 72-hour exposure to irradiated in vitro expanded recipient T lymphocytes and pulsed with(More)
Adoptive immunotherapy with ex vivo expanded T cells is a promising approach to prevent or treat leukemia. Myeloid leukemias express tumor-associated antigens (TAA) that induce antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in healthy individuals. We explored the feasibility of generating TAA-specific CTLs from stem cell donors of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in childhood and has a poor prognosis. Here we assessed the capability of ex vivo expanded cytokine-induced killer cells to lyse both alveolar and embryonic rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines and investigated the mechanisms involved. DESIGN AND METHODS Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from six(More)
The WT1 gene is considered to be highly expressed in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia and chronic myeloid leukemia and is thought to play a key role in maintaining the viability of leukemia cells. However, little is known about the WT1 gene expression levels in pediatric patients with juvenile myelo-monocytic leukemia(More)
BMI-1 and EZH2 are polycomb group (PcG) proteins that maintain self-renewal of stem cells, and are overexpressed in leukemia. To investigate the potential of PcG proteins as leukemia-associated antigens, and as targets for graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects, we studied cells obtained from 86 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and 25 human(More)
PURPOSE Although modern cure rates for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) exceed 80%, the outlook remains poor in patients with high-risk disease and those who relapse, especially when allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is not feasible. Strategies to improve outcome and prevent relapse are therefore required. Immunotherapy with(More)
Adoptive transfer of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-redirected T lymphocytes (CAR-T cells) has had less striking therapeutic effects in solid tumors than in lymphoid malignancies. Although active tumor-mediated immunosuppression may have a role in limiting the efficacy of CAR-T cells, functional changes in T lymphocytes after their ex vivo manipulation may(More)
Sequence polymorphisms (SPs) can serve as genetic markers for quantitative polymerase chain reactions (qPCR) for chimerism analysis, providing a significantly higher sensitivity compared to short tandem repeat PCR. In this study, a panel of 29 selected markers was evaluated in 317 patients with leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome, who received allogeneic(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that inflammatory cytokines have a dualistic role in immunity. In this study, we sought to determine the direct effects of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) on the differentiation and maturation of human peripheral blood monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDC). Here, we report that following differentiation of monocytes into moDC with(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are key components of the innate immune system, providing potent antitumor immunity. Here, we show that the tumor growth factor-β (TGF-β)/SMAD signaling pathway is an important mechanism for NK cell immune evasion in childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We characterized NK cells in 50 consecutive children with B-ALL at(More)