Gerrit P J van Kranenburg

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To study the physiologic basis of variability of physical performance in the laboratory, ten male subjects were studied once a week, during a 9-12 month period. Previously, the reference maximal work load attained (Wref) was determined in each subject. The test protocol of the actual study was based on the individual Wref and started at 70% Wref for 5 min(More)
Recent evidence suggests that intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) accretion is associated with obesity and the development of insulin resistance and/or type 2 diabetes. However, trained endurance athletes are markedly insulin sensitive, despite an elevated mixed muscle lipid content. In an effort to explain this metabolic paradox, we compared muscle fiber(More)
GLUT-4 plays a predominant role in glucose uptake during muscle contraction. In the present study, we have investigated in mice whether disruption of the GLUT-4 gene affects isometric and shortening contractile performance of the dorsal flexor muscle complex in situ. Moreover, we have explored the hypothesis that lack of GLUT-4 enhances muscle fatigability.(More)
To search for morphological changes in muscle, related to overuse syndromes of muscle due to exercise, groups of untrained rats ran on a treadmill for 1 h at submaximal intensity. Each group was sacrificed at a different interval after the end of the exercise. To evaluate the physiologic load, the colonic temperature and blood lactate level were determined.(More)
Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) has been identified as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The difference in tHcy between the sexes has most often been related to the sex hormones, but also to a higher muscle mass in men. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of acute exercise, brief exhaustive training, and(More)
We studied the role of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in rat skeletal muscle during sepsis and subsequent recovery. Sepsis was induced with intraperitoneal zymosan injections. This model allows one to study a sustained and reversible catabolic phase and mimics the events that prevail in septic and subsequently recovering patients. In addition, the role of(More)
The effect of forced liquid (L) or solid (S) carbohydrate (CHO)-rich feedings on plasma glucose, insulin, and glycogenesis after glycogen depletion was investigated. The relationship between glycogen restoration and maximal physical working capacity (MPWC) was studied as well. Eight males performed two experiments, with 2 weeks interval, on a bicycle(More)
We investigated the temporal effects of sepsis on muscle wasting and function in order to study the contribution of wasting to the decline in muscle function; we also studied the fiber-type specificity of this muscle wasting. Sepsis was induced by injecting rats intraperitoneally with a zymosan suspension. At 2 h and at 2, 6, and 11 days after injection,(More)
We have studied the effect of exercise on the percentage of free plasma estradiol 17-beta (E2) and testosterone (T) in 13 untrained (UT) and 8 trained (marathon runners, MR) eumenorrheic women. All women performed a standardized bicycle ergometer (UT) or treadmill (MR) test in the follicular and luteal phases of their menstrual cycles (15-min consecutive(More)
Exercise-induced menstrual problems are accompanied by an increase in catecholestrogen (CE) formation. It has been hypothesized that hypoestrogenemia may be secondary to an increased turnover from estrogens to CE, which then may disrupt luteinizing hormone release. In addition, the strong affinity of CE for the catecholamine-deactivating enzyme(More)