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In the present study, we evaluated polyethylenimine (PEI) of different molecular weights (MWs) as a DNA complexing agent for its efficiency in transfecting nondifferentiated COS-1 (green monkey fibroblasts) and well-differentiated human submucosal airway epithelial cells (Calu-3). Studying the effect of particle size, zeta potential, presence of serum(More)
The volatile fatty acid, (R)/(S)-3-hydroxy-3-methylhexanoic acid ((R)/(S)-HMHA), and the human specific volatile thiol, (R)/(S)-3-methyl-3-sulfanylhexan-1-ol ((R)/(S)-MSH), were recently identified as major components of human sweat malodor. Their 2 corresponding precursors were subsequently isolated from sterile and odorless axillary secretions. The(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the potential of superporous hydrogel (SPH) and SPH composite (SPHC) polymers to enhance the transport of N-alpha-benzoyl-L-arginine ethylester (BAEE) and fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran 4400 (FD4) across porcine intestinal epithelium ex-vivo, and to study any possible morphological damage to the epithelium(More)
Novel drug delivery systems were developed for peroral administration of peptide and protein drugs for site specific mechanical fixation at the gut wall and with specific release patterns. These so-called shuttle systems were designed by using superporous hydrogels (SPH) and SPH composite (SPHC) as the conveyor of a core which contained the model compound(More)
Purpose. The evaluation of the inhibitory action of two mucoadhesive poly(acrylates), polycarbophil and carbomer, registered by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), on the intestinal proteolytic enzyme trypsin. Methods. The effect of the polymers on trypsin activity by measuring the degradation of a trypsin specific substrate. Binding of Ca2+ ions and(More)
N-Trimethyl chitosan chloride (TMC) is a soluble chitosan derivative that shows effective enhancing properties for peptide and protein drug transport across mucosal membranes. TMC was synthesized by reductive methylation of chitosan in an alkaline environment at elevated temperature. The number of methylation process steps and the base used in the process(More)
In this study, the potential of N-trimethyl chitosan (TMC) nanoparticles as a carrier system for the nasal delivery of proteins was investigated. TMC nanoparticles were prepared by ionic crosslinking of TMC solution (with or without ovalbumin) with tripolyphosphate, at ambient temperature while stirring. The size, zeta-potential and morphology of the(More)
Efficient non-viral gene delivery based on cationic polymers as DNA-condensing agents is dependent on a variety of factors, e.g. complex size, complex stability, toxicity, immunogenicity, protection against DNase degradation, and intracellular trafficking and processing of the DNA. This review examines the advances in the application of chitosan and(More)
Layer-by-Layer (LbL) technology has become an active area of research and is currently considered a hot topic with many potential applications, especially in the pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical fields. This review is providing an overview of current approaches and applications of LbL designs used to immobilize and/or encapsulate various enzymes. One(More)
Purpose. The organ distribution of radiolabeled poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) nanoparticles coated with plasma proteins and serum complement in rats was studied in order to determine the effect of serum complement on the particle phagocytosis by the organs of the reticulo-endothelial system (RES). Methods. PMMA-nanoparticles were coated overnight with(More)