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The volatile fatty acid, (R)/(S)-3-hydroxy-3-methylhexanoic acid ((R)/(S)-HMHA), and the human specific volatile thiol, (R)/(S)-3-methyl-3-sulfanylhexan-1-ol ((R)/(S)-MSH), were recently identified as major components of human sweat malodor. Their 2 corresponding precursors were subsequently isolated from sterile and odorless axillary secretions. The(More)
In the present study, we evaluated polyethylenimine (PEI) of different molecular weights (MWs) as a DNA complexing agent for its efficiency in transfecting nondifferentiated COS-1 (green monkey fibroblasts) and well-differentiated human submucosal airway epithelial cells (Calu-3). Studying the effect of particle size, zeta potential, presence of serum(More)
In this study, the potential of N-trimethyl chitosan (TMC) nanoparticles as a carrier system for the nasal delivery of proteins was investigated. TMC nanoparticles were prepared by ionic crosslinking of TMC solution (with or without ovalbumin) with tripolyphosphate, at ambient temperature while stirring. The size, zeta-potential and morphology of the(More)
PURPOSE The evaluation of the inhibitory action of two mucoadhesive poly(acrylates), polycarbophil and carbomer, registered by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), on the intestinal proteolytic enzyme trypsin. METHODS The effect of the polymers on trypsin activity by measuring the degradation of a trypsin specific substrate. Binding of Ca2+ ions and(More)
Efficient non-viral gene delivery based on cationic polymers as DNA-condensing agents is dependent on a variety of factors, e.g. complex size, complex stability, toxicity, immunogenicity, protection against DNase degradation, and intracellular trafficking and processing of the DNA. This review examines the advances in the application of chitosan and(More)
Layer-by-Layer (LbL) technology has become an active area of research and is currently considered a hot topic with many potential applications, especially in the pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical fields. This review is providing an overview of current approaches and applications of LbL designs used to immobilize and/or encapsulate various enzymes. One(More)
Enzymes implicated in cysteine and methionine metabolism such as cystathionine beta-lyase (CBL; EC, a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent carbon-sulfur lyase, have been shown to play a central role in the generation of sulfur compounds. This work describes the unprecedented cloning and characterization of the metC-cystathionine beta-lyase from(More)
In this in vivo study, novel delivery systems based on superporous hydrogel (SPH) and SPH composite (SPHC) polymers were used to improve the intestinal absorption of insulin in healthy pigs. Six female pigs of approximately 35 kg body weight were used. A cannula was inserted into the jugular vein for blood sampling and a silicone fistula in the duodenum for(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate the enhancement of peroral octreotide absorption using delivery systems based on superporous hydrogel (SPH) and SPH composite (SPHC) polymers. METHODS Six female pigs (BW of 23.5 kg) were used in this study. SPH-based delivery systems were made of two components: 1) a conveyor system made of SPH and SPHC;(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the potential of superporous hydrogel (SPH) and SPH composite (SPHC) polymers to enhance the transport of N-alpha-benzoyl-L-arginine ethylester (BAEE) and fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran 4400 (FD4) across porcine intestinal epithelium ex-vivo, and to study any possible morphological damage to the epithelium(More)