Gerold M. Grodsky

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In both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the late diabetic complications in nerve, vascular endothelium, and kidney arise from chronic elevations of glucose and possibly other metabolites including free fatty acids (FFA). Recent evidence suggests that common stress-activated signaling pathways such as nuclear factor-kappaB, p38 MAPK, and NH2-terminal Jun(More)
In both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, diabetic complications in target organs arise from chronic elevations of glucose. The pathogenic effect of high glucose, possibly in concert with fatty acids, is mediated to a significant extent via increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and subsequent oxidative stress.(More)
Phases of insulin release were studied in the perfused pancreas during a variety of glucose stimulation patterns. Patterns included staircase stimulations, constant prolonged single steps, restimulations, and ramp functions. Except at low concentrations, prolonged single steps of glucose elicited early spikes of insulin and a slowly rising second phase.(More)
To determine if glucagon secretion is under physiological control of intra-islet insulin, pancreata from normal rats were perfused at a 100 mg/dl glucose concentration with either guinea pig antiinsulin serum or normal guinea pig serum in a nonrecirculating system. Perfusion of antiserum was followed within 3 min by a significant rise in glucagon that(More)
Hereditary insulin-deficient diabetes mellitus occurs in certain sublines of nonobese Chinese hamsters. Several characteristics of this syndrome are similar to those seen in insulin-deficient human diabetics. Therefore, to characterize pancreatic islet function, dynamic insulin and glucagon release from normal and nonketotic diabetic hamster pancreases in(More)
In short-term batch-incubation or perfusion experiments, we studied insulin release and associated 65Zn efflux from rat pancreatic islets loaded with 65Zn by 24-h tissue culture in low-glucose medium. The fractional basal insulin release and 65Zn efflux were 0.4% and 3% of total content/h/islet, respectively. Thus, basal 65Zn efflux was much greater than(More)
Glucose-induced release of insulin from perifused rat islets is associated with elevated islet adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate. If values for adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate are compared to insulin release during theophylline or glucose stimulation and theophylline plus glucose stimulation, it suggests a minor role for adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate in directly(More)
GRODSKY, GEROLD M., ADRIENNE A. BATTS, LESLIE L. BENNETT, CARL VCELLA, NANCY B. MCWILLIAMS, AND DESMOND F. SMITH. Effects uj carbohydrates on secretion of insulin from isolated rut pancreas. Am. J, Physiol. 205(4) : 638-644. Ig63.-The effect of carbohydrates on the secretion of immunochemically measurable insulin was studied in an isolated perfused(More)