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Using a chemically defined medium containing hydrocortisone, insulin, transferrin, 17 beta-estradiol and selenium, with or without serum supplementation (2.5% v/v), continuous cell lines can be established from 72% of all fresh biopsy specimens of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) containing tumor cells. No differences were observed in the rate of establishing(More)
PURPOSE Cancer survival rates are improving, and the focus is moving toward quality survival. Fertility is a key aspect of quality of life for cancer patients of childbearing age. Although cancer treatment may impair fertility, some patients may benefit from referral to a specialist before treatment. However, the majority of studies examining patient recall(More)
PURPOSE Minichromosome maintenance protein 2 (MCM2) is a component of the prereplicative complex. It is essential for eukaryotic DNA replication and is only expressed in proliferating cells. The prognostic utility of MCM2 compared with Ki-67, another marker of proliferating cells, on survival of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was studied.(More)
PURPOSE We assessed whether chemotherapy selection based on in situ ERCC1 and RRM1 protein levels would improve survival in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Eligible patients were randomly assigned 2:1 to the trial's experimental arm, which consisted of gemcitabine/carboplatin if RRM1 and ERCC1 were low,(More)
1. Grant of License. NCCN hereby grants to you a non-transferable, non-exclusive, limited license to access and use the Guidelines subject to the terms set forth in this License Agreement. other intellectual property and proprietary rights related thereto. Except for the limited rights expressly enumerated herein, you are not granted any rights relating to(More)
CYP2A6 (cytochrome P450 2A6), which was first identified as the human coumarin 7-hydroxylase, is the most important enzyme in nicotine C-oxidation. The enzyme also metabolically activates the tobacco specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) in vitro. Polymorphisms in the CYP2A6 gene may thus impact on both smoking behavior(More)
PURPOSE The initial goal of this study was to test the immunologic and clinical effects of a new cancer vaccine consisting of dendritic cells (DC) transduced with the full-length wild-type p53 gene delivered via an adenoviral vector in patients with extensive stage small cell lung cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Twenty-nine patients with extensive stage small(More)
PURPOSE RRM1 encodes the regulatory subunit of ribonucleotide reductase and is a molecular target of gemcitabine. Previous studies showed increased RRM1 expression on continuous exposure of cell lines to gemcitabine and suggested improved survival for patients with low as opposed to high tumoral RRM1 expression when treated with gemcitabine-containing(More)
In the decade since the last Lancet Seminar on lung cancer there have been advances in many aspects of the classification, diagnosis, and treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). An international panel of experts has been brought together to focus on changes in the epidemiology and pathological classification of NSCLC, the role of CT screening and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Proteins of the nucleotide excision repair pathway repair DNA damage. The excision repair cross-complementing (ERCC) gene family reduces damage to DNA by nucleotide excision and repair. Impaired nuclear excision repair could lead to increased genomic instability that in turn could lead to a more malignant phenotypic behavior of tumors. We(More)