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BACKGROUND Calciphylaxis is a life-threatening complication in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). No established therapy exists so far. The aim of the present study was to determine the therapeutic response to a multi-interventional treatment regimen with consistent use of sodium thiosulphate (STS) in an Austrian cohort of calciphylaxis patients.(More)
OBJECTIVE The ethanol lock technique has shown great potential to eradicate organisms in biofilms and to treat or prevent central venous catheter related infections. Following instillation of ethanol lock solution, however, the inherent density gradient between blood and ethanol causes gravity induced seepage of ethanol out of the catheter and blood influx(More)
BACKGROUND The locking anticoagulant plays a decisive role in the patency of central venous catheters (CVCs) used for haemodialysis. During injection, the hydraulic effects inevitably cause lock solution to spill into the systemic circulation. Density differences between whole blood (WB) and the lock solution cause further gravity-induced seepage of lock(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with pre-existing impaired renal function are prone to develop acute contrast media induced nephropathy (CIN). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a new biomarker predictive for acute kidney injury (AKI), has been shown to be useful for earlier diagnosis of CIN; however, urinary NGAL values may be markedly increased in(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Ultrafiltration (UF) of excess fluid activates numerous compensatory mechanisms during hemodialysis (HD). The increase of both total peripheral and splanchnic vascular resistance is considered essential in maintaining hemodynamic stability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of UF-induced changes in hepato-splanchnic(More)
observe the endogenous metabolites presented in the EBC. Finally, we propose UPLC-MS and the use of non-reusable devices as a standard metabolomic approach in the analysis of EBC. et al. Metabonomic analysis of exhaled breath condensate in adults by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Pneumococcal pneumonia: potential for diagnosis through a urinary(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of urinary neutrophil gelatinase- associated lipocalin (uNGAL) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) as an early biomarker for contrast induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) and to investigate whether patients with an uNGAL increase might benefit from an additional intravenous volume(More)
Bacterial infection and sepsis are common complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD). A vicious cycle of increased gut permeability, endotoxemia, inadequate activation of the innate immune system and resulting innate immune dysfunction is hypothesized. We assessed endotoxemia, neutrophil function and its relation to oxidative stress, inflammation and gut(More)
As renal function is often impaired in atherosclerosis patients, accelerating atherosclerosis per se and creating a vicious cycle, we investigated the association of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and critical limb ischemia (CLI) in peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) patients. Our cross-sectional study included 1521 PAOD patients, with normal and(More)
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