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BACKGROUND Pre-dialysis education can guide the choice of the dialysis modality best tailored to meet the needs and preferences of individual patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS In a retrospective single-center cohort study, we evaluated the impact of a pre-dialysis education program on the incidence rates of patients using hemodialysis (HD) and(More)
BACKGROUND Calciphylaxis is a life-threatening complication in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). No established therapy exists so far. The aim of the present study was to determine the therapeutic response to a multi-interventional treatment regimen with consistent use of sodium thiosulphate (STS) in an Austrian cohort of calciphylaxis patients.(More)
OBJECTIVE The ethanol lock technique has shown great potential to eradicate organisms in biofilms and to treat or prevent central venous catheter related infections. Following instillation of ethanol lock solution, however, the inherent density gradient between blood and ethanol causes gravity induced seepage of ethanol out of the catheter and blood influx(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with pre-existing impaired renal function are prone to develop acute contrast media induced nephropathy (CIN). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a new biomarker predictive for acute kidney injury (AKI), has been shown to be useful for earlier diagnosis of CIN; however, urinary NGAL values may be markedly increased in(More)
observe the endogenous metabolites presented in the EBC. Finally, we propose UPLC-MS and the use of non-reusable devices as a standard metabolomic approach in the analysis of EBC. et al. Metabonomic analysis of exhaled breath condensate in adults by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Pneumococcal pneumonia: potential for diagnosis through a urinary(More)
BACKGROUND Procalcitonin (PCT) has previously been proposed as useful marker to rule out bloodstream-infection (BSI). The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of different PCT cut-offs for prediction of BSI in patients with community (CA)- and hospital-acquired (HA)-BSI. METHODS A total of 898 patients fulfilling(More)
Lipid abnormalities may have an effect on clinical outcomes of patients on dialysis. Recent studies have indicated that HDL dysfunction is a hallmark of ESRD. In this study, we compared HDL composition and metrics of HDL functionality in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) with those in healthy controls. We detected a marked(More)
BACKGROUND The locking anticoagulant plays a decisive role in the patency of central venous catheters (CVCs) used for haemodialysis. During injection, the hydraulic effects inevitably cause lock solution to spill into the systemic circulation. Density differences between whole blood (WB) and the lock solution cause further gravity-induced seepage of lock(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Ultrafiltration (UF) of excess fluid activates numerous compensatory mechanisms during hemodialysis (HD). The increase of both total peripheral and splanchnic vascular resistance is considered essential in maintaining hemodynamic stability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of UF-induced changes in hepato-splanchnic(More)
Venous needle dislodgement (VND) is a potentially fatal complication during hemodialysis (HD) treatment and the venous pressure monitor is the most widely used device for its detection. VND can only be detected by the venous sensor if the resulting pressure drop exceeds the difference between the actual venous pressure and the lower alarm limit. In clinical(More)